BloodBankingLecture.pdf - Introduction to Blood Banking...

This preview shows 1 out of 2 pages.

danevamariaverosadelatorrereyes Introduction to Blood Banking Leviticus : Life of flesh is in the blood Withdraw blood: Way of punishing the person Early History o Blood Vital force Essence of life Drinking blood as a tonic for rejuvination and for the treatment of various diseases o Huang Di Nei Ching (Chinese) Blood contained the soul o Egyptians & Romans (Egypts) – Blood baths for physical and spiritual restoration (Romans) – Drank blood of fallen gladiators Belief that blood can transmit the vitality or qualities to others Bathing in blood Believed to treat elephantiasis and baldness Rejuvenates old and incapacitated Revives the dead o Ancient Greeks Blood letting is depicted on an ancient Greek vase Considered one of medicine’s oldest practices, blood letting is thought to have originated in ancient Egypt. It then spread to Greece. o Hippocrates (400 BC) Greek physician Postulates that the body is comprised of four humors, and their imbalance, causes disease. Blood Phlegm Black Bile Yellow Bile o Aristotle (350 BC) Greek philosopher Heart is the central organ of the body Presumed that the heart is a three chambered organ even in humans o Claudius Galenus (162 AD) Galen Greek Physician Describes the anatomy of the human body and includes a reference to bright and dark blood from separate channels in the body which interconnect Also mentions the liver as the origin of blood and the kidney’s as a filter. Although incorrect in many details, his descriptions formed the basis for all blood circulation studies for centuries o Pope Innocent VIII (1492) Earliest recorded transfusion As remedy for apoplectic stroke The blood of 3 young boys was by crude methods, transferred to pope. Donors and patient died o 18 th Century: Bloodletting in the 1860’s Blood letting was the most popular form of treatment of a vast number of ailments o William Harvey (1616) English Physician Discovered the blood circulation Era of Real Blood Transfusion o Richard Lower (1665) First successful animal to animal blood transfusion Dog to Dog o Jean-Baptiste Denis (1667 ) First animal to human blood transfusion Patient: Antoine Mauroy (34 y/o; Mad man) Used calf’s blood Chose animal blood because he believed that it is purer than of human’s Mauroy survived three transfusions but died due to poisoning of wife o Jean-Baptiste Denis & Paul Emmerez June 15, 1667 Blood transfused between a young, weakened by continuous blood letting and a lamb Blood Letting Instruments o Bleeding Bowl With gradations to measure amount of blood By John Foster of London After 1740 o Scarificator Scarification without cupping in Egypt in the 16 th Century To obtain sufficient blood 20 – 40 gashes were made in legs of patient and was made to stand in basin of warm water o Weiss’s Improved Cupping Device o Glass Cupping Cups o Cupping in the Bath (16 th
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2
You've reached the end of this preview.
  • Fall '14
  • blood group, ABO blood group system

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern