American Power

American Power - American Power How powerful How useful IR...

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Unformatted text preview: American Power: How powerful? How useful? IR 101 February 19 & 21, 2008 Paul Kennedy on US power "Nothing has ever existed like this disparity of power; nothing. I have returned to all of the comparative defense spending and military personnel statistics over the past 500 years that I compiled in The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers, and no other nation comes close." Military Spending 2004 (Brooks & Wohlforth) Country U.S. China Russia France U.K. Japan Germany Non-U.S. powers $ Billions 455.9 62.5 61.9 51.7 49.6 45.2 37.8 308.7 % GDP 3.9 0.9 4.4 3.0 2.8 1.2 1.6 Economic Power 2005 (B&W) Country U.S. Japan Germany France U.K. China Russia Non-US powers GDP (bill.) 12485 4566 2795 2114 2202 1720 766 14163 % world GDP 29.4 10.7 6.6 5.0 5.2 4.0 1.8 High Tech 2003 (B&W) Country U.S. China Japan Germany Russia France U.K. Non U.S. R&D spending (bill.) 312.5 102.6 112.7 58.7 16.5 39.7 33.7 363.9 Internet servers PhD's in Science & Eng (per mill.) 783 159 257 274 2 79 466 26891 8153 7581 10796 10409 6890 8810 52639 The film industry (mid 90s, UNESCO) Country Russia France Cuba Italy Germany Egypt Spain Czech Rep. Hungary Australia Portugal Mexico Canada Cote D'Ivoire New Zealand Belgium Venezuela Morocco Chile local films 46 141 6 96 63 72 59 23 23 18 15 14 54 2 4 8 4 4 1 US films 13 134 9 158 135 156 191 113 126 171 168 159 712 39 100 204 137 165 131 ratio 0.3 1.0 1.5 1.6 2.1 2.2 3.2 4.9 5.5 9.5 11.2 11.4 13.2 19.5 25.0 25.5 34.2 41.2 130.9 Soft power (Pew Global surveys) What is America's world view? Realism, Liberalism, Idealism Realism Only act to defend and promote the national interest WWI and WWII were "Europe's wars" until U.S. threatened U.S. had no choice but to be a realist global player during Cold War The way to further U.S. interests, and make the world a better place, is through promoting "globalization" economic integration as foreign policy US post WWII "Bretton Woods" project; China into WTO The U.S. should promote its universal values around the world, even if this means war WWI (Woodrow Wilson) Bosnia/Kosovo (Clinton) Kuwait (Bush 41) Iraq (Bush 43) ... Liberalism Idealism The US post 1989 Robert Kagan (prominent neocon) "Since the cold war, America has launched more military interventions than all other great powers combined. The interventions in Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia and Kosovo were wars of choice, waged for moral and humanitarian ends... Even the first Gulf war in 1991 was a war of choice, fought not for oil but to defend the principles of The US in Iraq Richard Haass (President CFR and former head of Policy Planning at State under Bush 43) "The emphasis on promotion of democracy, the emphasis on regime change, the war of choice in Iraq all of these are departures from the traditional approach." violation of realist history "True realism would recognise America for what it is, an ambitious, ideological, revolutionary nation with a belief in its own world-transforming powers and a historical record of enough success to sustain that belief." idealism, business as usual Robert Kagan (prominent neocon) retort: After Iraq Should the US use force to defend and promote its values (economic and political liberty/freedom)? Moral obligations, humility and hubris, sovereignty Can the US effectively use force to defend and promote its values? Is terrorism different? Is it here to stay? Does the US need coalitions? "Coalition of the willing" vs. "international community"? ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2008 for the course IR 101 taught by Professor Garrett during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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