CH-01 Introduction to Leadership (1).pptx - Leadership...

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Leadership & motivation skills 1 Leadership Chapter-01 Introduction to Leadership Prepared By: Usama NAjam
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Leadership & motivation skills 2 Leadership Leadership is a subject that long has excited interest among people. Much of our description of history is the story of military, political, religious, and social leaders who are credited or blamed for important historical events. The questions about leadership have long been a subject of speculation, but scientific research on leadership did not begin until the twentieth century. The focus of much of the research has been on the determinants of leadership effectiveness . Prepared By: Usama NAjam
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Leadership & motivation skills 3 Defining Leadership Researchers usually define leadership according to their individual perspectives and the aspects of the phenomenon of most interest to them. After a comprehensive review of the leadership literature, Stogdill (1974, p.259) concluded that “there are almost as many definitions of leadership as there are persons who have attempted to define the concept.” Prepared By: Usama NAjam
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Leadership & motivation skills 4 Defining Leadership ‘Leadership’ is the process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it, and process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectives. Prepared By: Usama NAjam
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Leadership & motivation skills 5 Managers vs. Leaders Managers and Leaders are not necessarily the same. Managers are appointed ; they have legitimate power that allows them to reward and punish. Their ability to influence is based on the formal authority inherent in their position. Leaders may either be appointed or may emerge from within a group . Leaders can influence others to perform beyond the actions dictated by formal authority. Not all leaders are managers nor all managers are leaders. Prepared By: Usama NAjam
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Leadership & motivation skills 6 Direct vs. Indirect Leadership Some theorists make a distinction between ‘Direct’ and ‘Indirect’ Leadership. ‘Indirect Leadership’ can take different forms, and some of them provide an opportunity to have a stronger, more lasting influence than is possible with ‘Direct Leadership’ . When the direct influence of a CEO is transmitted down the authority hierarchy of an organization (e.g., from CEO to middle managers to lower-level managers, to regular employees), this cascading of effects can be viewed as an example of indirect leadership by the CEO. It is different from directly influencing lower-level employees by meeting with them, sending emails to them etc. Prepared By: Usama NAjam
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Leadership & motivation skills 7 Direct vs. Indirect Leadership Direct and Indirect types of leadership are not mutually exclusive, and they can be used together in a consistent way to magnify their effects.
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  • Fall '14
  • motivation skills, Usama NAjam

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