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Surname 1 Student’s name: Tutor: Course: Date: Death Penalty Introduction The death penalty is a topic that has elicited several debates in the world. These arguments often end inconclusively because they usually reflect disagreements about various ultimate values. Even where empirical facts, such as whether the death penalty deters murder, are relevant to the determination of public policy, discussions often reach an impasse, as will be seen, some empirical issues, such as the deterrence question, are as a practical matter very complicated to resolve. Over time, there have been changes in the United States regarding the imposition of capital punishment. Earlier, few states had abolished the punishment. Gradually more and more states passed laws against capital punishment, to an extent that in there was not a single execution in the United States in some years. Based on different arguments, this paper finds out whether the death penalty should continue to be imposed in this society or not. For instance, this paper's arguments will be based on history and state power, retribution, deterrence effect, the cost of capital punishment, humaneness, and fairness in the death penalty. History and State Power Supporters of the death penalty point out that death is a punishment with a pedigree thousands of years old and that has been an acceptable punishment in the United States since the earliest colonial days. Moreover, the framers of the constitution expressed no opposition to the capital punishment, and the Constitution itself implicitly approved of it (Zimring, 89). Opponents
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Surname 2 respond that since the 18th-century Enlightenment, the trend of world history has been inexorably against capital punishment. This trend has accelerated since the bloody horrors of the Second World War and the nations of Europe, along with many countries that have steadily abandoned the capital punishment. Opponents further argue that the death penalty is out of the historical abolition of the corporal punishments such as flogging or branding, which have been replacing by imprisonment. Proponents respond that while death penalty may be one of the remaining corporal punishments, it is uniquely well suited to especially horrific murderers (Mandery, 199). Death penalty abolitionists sometimes contend that governments do not have the authority to put their citizens to death. Since many countries have established capital punishments by law, this claim rests on a higher law position. The present day view is that there is an evolving body of human rights that transcend individual governments and that death penalty is a denial of basic human rights to life. The sticking point here is that there is no universal agreement on the content of human rights. While many nations have signed international agreements that abolish the capital punishment, many more countries such as the United States have declined to do the same. There is a more profound philosophical issue involved as well (Mandery, 200).
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