ModuleTenLessonOneGuidedNotes.doc - Module 10 Lesson 1...

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Module 10 Lesson 1: Acids and Bases Slide 1: What the properties of acids and bases Acids: sour, sting, weak to strong electrolytes, reacts with metals, litmus, less than 7 ph Bases: bitter, slippery, slimy, weak to strong electrolytes, no reactions with metal, ph greater then 7 Slide 3: Arrhenius Theory Acids - Ionizable hydrogens: H in a polar covalent bond that can be ionized in solution – generally at front of formula Bases – Caustic: cause deep, painful, slow-healing wounds. some are very soluble, because of low solubility Mg(OH)2 is used in antacids to neutralize excess stomach acid and ease heartburn Slide 4 : Bronsted-Lowry Theory Acids H+ donor Bases H+ acceptor Conjugate acid-base pairs. When an acid donates a proton, the species left is called a conjugate base. When a base accepts a proton, the species left is a conjugate acid. Slide 5 : Conjugate Acid/Base Pairs Substances that can act as an acid or a base are called amphoteric, any substance
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