Anthropology 103 Final Exam Study Guide.docx

Anthropology 103 Final Exam Study Guide.docx - Final Exam...

This preview shows 1 out of 3 pages.

Final Exam Study Guide Facultative bipedalism→ Not necessary bipedalism, but is possible. Example; a chimp. Obligate bipedalism→ Necessary bipedalism, develops and becomes a mode of transportation. Example; humans. Characteristics of bipedalism: 1. Position of the foramen magnum→ where the spinal cord meets the skull. 2. Shape of the spine→ S shaped spine puts puts head over center of gravity. Cervical, thoracic, and lumbar curve. Thoracic vertebrae in front, lumbar vertebrae in back. 3. Shape of the pelvis→ Short ilium in human pelvis that aids in standing and walking. 4. Length of the leg→ Relatively long legs provide efficiency during stride. 5. Valgus knee→ Femur curves rather than going straight down like on chimps. Knees angled inward, placing the feet together and below center of gravity to provide stability. 6. Longitudinal foot arch→ Foot is arched in humans. Gives leverage as the body moves forward, and acts as a shock absorber when the feet
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

meet the ground. 7. Opposable big toe→ Humans do not have one because the function of the foot is movement rather than in apes where it acts as a grasping tool. Why did our brains get bigger?--> increased sociality, improved nutrition. East African Rift Zone→ Source of most of our early hominin fossils.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
You've reached the end of this preview.
  • Spring '08
  • Holt
  • Anthropology, Hominina, MYA, Massive posterior teeth

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern