Cat.docx - Cat From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia This...

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Cat From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about the cat species that is commonly kept as a pet. For the cat family, see Felidae . For other uses, see Cat (disambiguation) and Cats (disambiguation) . For technical reasons , "Cat #1" redirects here. For that album, see Cat 1 (album) . Domestic cat [1] Various types of domestic cat Conservation status Domesticated Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Suborder: Feliformia
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Family: Felidae Subfamily: Felinae Genus: Felis Species: F. silvestris Subspecies: F. s. catus Trinomial name Felis silvestris catus Linnaeus , 1758 [2] Synonyms Felis catus (original combination) [3] Felis catus domestica (invalid junior synonym ) [4] The domestic cat ( Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus ) [1] [5] is a small, typically furry , carnivorous mammal . They are often called house cats [6] when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines . They are often valued by humans for companionship and for their ability to hunt vermin . There are more than seventy cat breeds recognized by various cat registries . Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with a strong flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche . Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. They can see in near darkness. Like most other mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than humans. Cats, despite being solitary hunters, are a social species , and cat communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations ( mewing , purring , trilling , hissing, growling and grunting ) as well as cat pheromones and types of cat-specific body language . [7] Cats have a high breeding rate. [8] Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy . Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by neutering , as well as the abandonment of former household pets , has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, requiring population control . [9] In certain areas outside cats' native range, this has contributed, along with habitat destruction and other factors, to the extinction of many bird
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species. Cats have been known to extirpate a bird species within specific regions and may have contributed to the extinction of isolated island populations. [10] Cats are thought to be primarily responsible for the extinction of 33 species of birds since the 1600s, [ better source needed ] and the presence of feral and free-ranging cats makes some otherwise suitable locations unsuitable for attempted species reintroduction .
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