Exam Outline.docx - Jazz History Outline#1 Gridley Chapters...

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Jazz History - Outline #1 Gridley - Chapters 1-4 African musical traits/influences ring shout o used in worship o used in spare time o call and response singing o church field holler o call and response o work song call and response o in the church o leader would sing and congregation would answer o In blues Sings and answer with guitar o Carry over into jazz by rhythm prominence and complexity of rhythm o singing and clapping hands and Africa o jazz is rhythmical and syncopated focus on timbre o focused more in African than European o human voices is transferred to instruments o tone is intentionally rough/edgy pentatonic scale o different scales that will lead to the blues scale o heptatonic scale from African line somewhat up with European spontaneity o music wasn’t written down o down on the spot leads to jazz Elements of jazz improvisation o to compose and to play at the same time make music as you go o in jazz, people have their own move that they would like to bring back in solos along with improvising syncopation o emphasizing of off beat
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o Louis Armstrong really brought syncopation to jazz (also swing) o Comes from African spontaneity Swing feeling o it can’t be notated o has to be felt Musical forms in jazz
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  • Fall '13
  • Froneck
  • Music, dixieland jazz band, African musical traits/influences, jazz Hot Fives/Sevens, influential jazz instrumentalist

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