Jazz Exam 2.docx - Jazz Exam 2 Swing Era Era extends from...

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Jazz Exam 2 Swing Era Era extends from mid 1930’s to mid 1940’s o Great Depression o WWII Demands of the dancers led to the call for larger bands o No one knows how small band changed to big bands o Cannot improvise with big bands Charts Jazz music Also, since the repeal of prohibition, many musicians were out of work so band leaders could hire them cheaply o Speakeasies were out of business Most popular era/style of jazz Louis made jazz popular in the 30s and 40s o Led to swing era Typical big band: Much bigger ensemble with more instruments Music written out due to bigger bands Improve wasn’t necessary Lots of bands featured soloist o Vocal Played popular tunes Swing bands were for dance 4 piece rhythm section o piano stride style o guitar straight 4 o bass walking bass o drums eight note pulse 4 trumpets 3 trombones 4 saxes o Becomes trademark instrument o Coleman Hawkins Popularized sax Tenor sax player Made it popular
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Played with a deep huskie tone More harmonic improviser than malonic Focused on timbre harmonic Differences from swing and early jazz written arrangements (charted) not a lot of improvisation swing feel big ban sax is dominant instrument Big band jazz was popular o swing available to everyone represented an ideology upbeat identifiable the music of the youth o followed the bands o knew names of main soloists bands are not crossed over still shout chorus o climax of a big band tune o follows solos o biased over same chords o different beat o had bits of choirs not the same o at the end NYC Harlem o Where most of the jazz was being played o Savoy Ballroom Whites and blacks danced together Everything was okay Lindy Hop dance o Cotton Club Harlem Was for wealthy white folks Duke played here
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  • Fall '13
  • Froneck
  • Music, Big bands

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