Lecture 5- Memory.pdf - Modal Model of Memory A combo of...

This preview shows 1 out of 10 pages.

“Modal” Model of Memory
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Sensory Memory A memory system that momentarily preserves extremely accurate images of sensory information e.g., Sperling experiment: iconic (lasts about 1/3 of a second) & echoic (lasts about 2 seconds) systems
Image of page 2
Attention and Memory Attention is the process that moves information from the sensory store to short-term memory. Spotlight metaphor of Attention
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

Short-term Memory A limited capacity memory system involved in the retention of information for brief periods (20 - 30 seconds) Note: working memory models have elaborated on this considerably - 3 main systems: phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad, central executive
Image of page 4
CIA BOY COMPUTER ICE CREAM CONE A STITCH IN TIME SAVES NINE We overcome the limits of short-term memory through chunking -- storing information in patterns, or units of meaning. The capacity of STM is 7(+/-2) UNITS. 6 Z
Image of page 5

Subscribe to view the full document.

Transfer from STM to LTM For information to be remembered, it needs to be transferred from short-term memory to long-term memory.
Image of page 6
Levels of Processing Model Craik & Lockhart • The ease with which we can retrieve a memory depends on the number and types of associations that we form with that memory • LTM storage is based on MEANING ..we store memories based, in large part, on meaningful associations (or the convergence of rich sensory patterning) Note: deeper levels of processing = greater amount of neural activity e.g., how to memorize decks of cards with a single exposure
Image of page 7

Subscribe to view the full document.

Encoding Strategies : More = Better Shallow processing Deep processing
Image of page 8
Retrieval Cues Provide Access to Long-Term Storage Retrieval cues help access information, which is why recognition is easier than recall The “encoding specificity principle” states any stimulus encoded with an experience can become a trigger
Image of page 9

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 10
You've reached the end of this preview.
  • Fall '14
  • DANDOLDERMAN
  • Psychology, Amadou Diallo

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern