KINS 2722 Exercise Prescription PowerPoint.pptx

KINS 2722 Exercise Prescription PowerPoint.pptx - Exercise...

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Exercise Prescription and Programming KINS 2722
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Exercise Prescription Five components of fitness Body composition Flexibility Cardiorespiratory fitness Muscular endurance Muscular strength
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Principles of Exercise Prescription Overload: Exercise below a minimum intensity, or threshold, will not challenge the body sufficiently to result in changes in physiologic parameters, including increased maximal volume oxygen consumption per unit of time (VO 2MAX ) Specificity: Physiological adaptations to exercise are specific to the type of exercise being performed
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Principles of Exercise Prescription FITT-VP Should emphasize the five components of fitness Designed for healthy populations Can modify any variable for progression Accommodations to ExRx should be made for individuals with clinical considerations/special pops.
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FITT-VP Principle F: Frequency When starting an exercise program, one of the first variables adjusted Trying to increase days/time spent each week exercising ACSM Recommendations Cardiorespiratory: 3-5 days/week Moderate: 30-60 minutes/day Vigorous: 20-60 minutes/day Combination of the two Resistance: 2-3 days/week Combination of large muscle groups Untrained individuals will see progression with low frequency, initially
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FITT-VP Principle I: Intensity Dependent on overload principle Cardiorespiratory can be assessed through % HR max, HRR, VO 2 R, Borg RPE scale, Talk test Resistance exercise can be assessed through % of 1 rep max, Borg RPE scale Common equations for estimating maximal HR HR max = 220- age
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FITT-VP Intensity is modifiable in many different ways Duration, relative intensity, rest intervals, type of training Cardiorespiratory fitness Expressed as % of HR or VO2
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