Chapter 4.docx - Chapter 4 Zeus rise to power the creation...

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Chapter 4: Zeus' rise to power: the creation of mortals The titanomachy: Zeus defeats his father, Cronus o When Zeus had grown to maturity, Cronus was beguiled into bringing up all that he had swallowed, first the stone and then the children o Zeus then waged war against his father with his disgorged brothers and sisters as allies. Along with his sibling, allied with him were the Hecatonchires and the Cyclopes, for he ahs released them from the depths of the earth o On the other side, allied with Cronus, were the titans - with the important exception of Themis and her son Prometheus, both of whom allied with Zeus o Zeus fought from Mt. Olympus and Cronus fought from Mt. Othrys o When Zeus came secure in power he eventually relented and gave the Titans their freedom The gigantomachy: Zeus defeats the giants and Typhoeus o Another threat Zeus had to face came from giants that Earth produced to challenge the new order of the gods, or that had been born when the blood from the mutilation of Uranus fell upon the ground o The struggle was fierce and ended with the imprisonment of the giants under the earth, usually in volcanic regions where they betray their presence by the violence of their natures o One of the most vicious of the monsters who opposed Zeus was the dragon Typhoeus o Later versions have it that Heracles was an ally of Zeus in the battle; the giants could be defeated only if the gods had a mortal as their ally. In addition, earth produced a magic plant that would make the giants invincible; Zeus by a clever stratagem plucked it for himself The creation of mortals o A dominant tradition depicts Prometheus as the creator of man; and sometimes woman is created later and separately through the designs of Zeus The four or five ages o At the very first the immortals who have their homes on Olympus made a golden race or mortal humans o Then those who have their home on Olympus next made a second race of silver, far worse than the one of gold and unlike it both physically and mentally o Father Zeus made another race of mortal humans, the third, of bronze and not at all like the one of silver; terrible and mighty because of their spears of ash, they pursued the painful and violent deeds of Ares o But when the earth covered over this race too, again Zeus, the son of Cronus, made still another, the fourth on the nourishing earth, valiant in war and more just, a godlike race of heroic men, who are called demi-gods, and who preceded our own race on the vast earth o
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