Chapter 2.docx - Chapter 2 historical background of Greek...

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Chapter 2: historical background of Greek mythology Our view of Greek religion and mythology has been modified by new knowledge, not least in the area of legends that cluster around the sagas of Mycenae and Troy The country was settled in Paleolithic times (before 70000 BC) however knowledge from this early period remains tentative Evidence for the Neolithic period (ca. 6000 - 3000 BC) is more abundant o It is conjectured that the Neolithic inhabitants came from the east and the north There was a fertility mother-goddess that was maybe worshipped in this early period The interpretation of prehistoric icons for an understanding of the worship of gods and goddesses in patriarchal and matriarchal societies has become a subject of intense scrutiny The bronze age o The stone age gave way to the bronze age in Greece, Crete, and the islands with a migration from the east The migration from the east brought forth invaders who were responsible for the building of the great Minoan civilization of Crete o Thus, the bronze age in Crete is designated as Minoan; for the islands the term is Cycladic; in Greece it is called Helladic o The late bronze age on the mainland is also identified as the Mycenaean age, from the citadel of power dominant in Greece during this period Minoan civilization o The Minoan civilization grew to maturity in the Middle bronze age and reached its pinnacle of greatness in the following period The palace at Knossos was particularly splendid o The palace at Knossos Knossos was the capital of a great thalassocracy and that Minoan power extended over the islands of the Aegean and even the mainland of Greece
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  • Winter '14
  • P.O'Cleirigh
  • The Iliad, Minoan civilization, Knossos, Mycenaean Greece

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