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Running head: PURPOSE OF SCHOOLING 1 Purpose of Schooling: Build a Sense of Community U21435041 University of South Florida EDF 3604 February 19, 2017
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PRPOSE OF SCHOOLING 2 Purpose of Schooling: Build a Sense of Community A large portion of life is spent in a school classroom with a teacher. One school day is eight hours long thus school becomes a social environment for students. There are many goals of school that can be divided in three categories, social, political, and economic. Teachers play an important role in fostering these goals. Teachers take on the job to create an environment for students to feel a sense of belonging. This sense of belonging can be established by ensuring school is not only a place of learning but also a community for students. The most important purpose of schooling in contemporary American society is establishing a sense of schooling through teacher facilitated extra curricular and after school activities to encourage school spirit. Expanding a sense of community in school creates equity and equal opportunity. Public schools are a “common school” as referred to by Horace Mann. The common school breaks barriers by mixing all socioeconomic classes and ethnicities (Week 3a notes The Common School Model, January 24, 2017). In order to ensure the mixing of students, schools must establish a sense of community that is comforting to and accepting of all students. This idea was emphasized by Mann in the mid 1800s, to achieve equal opportunity in classes. Mann wanted to “expand a sense of community that would encompass the rich and poor” (Spring, 2015). By doing so, the goal was to be rid of social distinctions in a universal sense through schooling. Essentially, every student in a public school would receive that same education; thus, provoking an environment with no competition and of equality. Despite class or ethnicity, everyone would have the same opportunity in the labor market. After graduation, graduates can compete for the same jobs. This sense of equality within and outside the classroom constructs the sense of community. To implement these ideas, Mann created a plan of teacher values and roles to instill a sense of community in schools. As discussed in the Time Traveling Debate Handout (January
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