EDF3604_ReformPaper_Shamsuddin.docx

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Running head: REFORM PAPER 1 Reform Paper: Education of Spanish-Speakers in English- only Schools U21435041 University of South Florida EDF 3604 April 23, 2017
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REFORM PAPER 2 Education of Spanish-Speakers in English- only Schools Public schools emphasize the implementation of English in classrooms throughout America. Though some schools are flexible with bilingual learners, there still exist schools that focus on an English- only education. In these schools, the purpose of schooling is to produce English speaking American citizens and preserve an American dominant society that practice American culture norms and speaks English, through English- only instruction. The teachers employed in English- only schools enforce the use of Standard English over the use of Spanish and other home languages. The reformation in the education of bilingual learners undermines social and educational equality of students with respect to language and culture. The reformed English- only schools snatch linguistic freedom and cultural identity derived from speaking ones’ native language from bilingual students. The number of bilingual learners that are from a Spanish speaking descent are increasing in the United States. However, due to the fear of losing an American culture to the increasing minority group, an English- only movement has taken over in multiple areas of the United States. According to Bent (2012), this movement started in California during the 1980s in efforts against languages other than English in public life. By 2000, the movement spread to almost half, 24, of the states. California and Arizona managed to pass legislation to convert instruction of education into an English- only system. Aside from Catholic schools, bilingual instruction was not a part of the public schools in these two states (Spring, 2015). The English- only instruction policy is said to restrict only the medium in which content is presented to students to English. The law is not in place to inhibit language and culture of the students (Bent, 2012). An important argument for this reform in school instruction is preparing students for that global labor market. Advocates for the policy change suggest the purpose of public schools is to build youths that are ready for a
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REFORM PAPER 3 marketplace that is heavily focused in an English environment. Hence, the idea of an English-
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