philosopy terms.docx - Utilitarianism Moral decisions...

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Utilitarianism – Moral decisions should result in the greatest good/happiness for the greatest number of people Act Utilitarianism – Only one Dolores vs. Judah, his and family, his patients, friends. Its simple math, unless we give extra weight to Dolores never having any possibility of happiness again. Rule Utilitarianism – over the long run and for humankind as a whole, allowing anyone to get away with murder will erode justice system and damage social order, decreasing overall happiness/good Theodicies – justifications or defenses of God in response to the problem of evil The natural evil vs. Moral evil (evil built into the natural order vs. humanly caused) Boethian/harmony theodicies – justice is slow and cosmic order is not fully apparent but both are certain Veil of Maya/ontological denial – evil is an illusion Afterlife/karma – justice will come in the next world (heaven, hell, etc.) or incarnation Dualistic Theodicies – a cosmic battle between good and evil in which good, despite setbacks, will ultimately prevail Free will/Augustinian defense – evil is the result of the sin/free will of the creature, not the creator Irenaean Theodicy – we are created in the imagine of God but not yet the likeness Process theodicy – god given up his omnipotence so that we might go through the process of moral development, attain discipleship. God is a co-sufferer, as opposed to deism where he is merely the creator. Cosmic/metaphysical Metaphysical – refers to the realities and entities that possibly exist beyond the physical, sensory realm Cosmic – the supposed order of the universe (vs. chaos)
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Ultimate – the goal/purpose of the universe and/or life; this also can refer to the “most important” questions Existential – concerns the meaning of it all (mostly human existential) Epistemology – philosophy of knowledge ////// Plato’s Ontological Idealism What is really real (and good) *Continental philosophy Just an “illusion” (and icky) *Analytic philosophy Ideas/forms Matter/physical objects Essence Existence Eternal Being Phenomena (Mere appearances, like the shadows in the cave) The Soul Becoming/change The One/The Good (Truth)
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  • Spring '14
  • BillToth
  • Philosophy, Rhetoric, Kalam Cosmological Argument, natural evil vs, modal cosmological argument, damage social order

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