human and animals 2.docx - Modern pastoralism types of...

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Modern pastoralism: types of herding Continuum: ilinerant to dedentary Nomadic Semi-nomadic Trans Nomadic Have a herd, you let them graze in one location and pretty soon it will be depleted n you have to move Constantly moving Sheep and goat primary food source (other than milk) Semi-nomadic Always moving around but set up semi permanent camps Seasonal migration Can stay in one place cus there is enough resources to support them for a while Transhumance A movement of humans (and livestock) based on the season From the lower altitudes to the higher altitudes Between mountain and lowland pastures Usually have no resources (after snow melts) Settled but moving based on resources Ranching Extensive, established grazing operation often with fences and watering Fully settled Have enough land that you can still move your herd around Often involve dogs that help them w herding Value of sheep/goat Food: meat milk, milk product(cheese yogurt) Tools: hide, wool, bone, horn, sinew Landscape transformed Combination of sheep and goat: can complement each other(grazer and browser), could also devastate a landscape Nomads - can just walk away to next area Sedentary - management is necessary Pastures much be cared for Not overgrazed, let fallow and able to recover and regrow Beneficial plants encouraged, planted, weeding Feeding development using branches and planted hedges Consequences of sheep/goat farming Diversification of roles (herders, craftsmen, artisans, vets, etc) Notational system - keeping track of things (on bone, then clay tablets); the first accountants and probably lawyers US produce more cattle than sheep and goat compared to other countries We have more land compared to other countries World regional importance arid countries: (in arid countries) Sheep and goat are complementary In fragile landscapes, its good that they can eat almost everything They’re small, dont need to eat alot Dont need to drink a lot of water Fast reproduction rate, can recover flock quickly
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Hook and mouth disease epidemic in europe 2001 Consequence of putting a lot of animals in one spot Over 3 million sheep destroyed massive economic loss Devastation to small farmers Only way to contain it is to go out of outbreak and kill all the animals Goats attend to your body orientation and head movement not eyes(unlike dogs)
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  • Fall '16
  • Wild boar, Domestic pig, bp pre domestication

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