Methods15Chapter9Field.pptx - Chapter 9 Field Research and...

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Chapter 9 Field Research and In-Depth Interviews Systematic People Watching and Listening
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Chapter Outline 1. General Features of Qualitative Research 2. Variations in Qualitative Research 3. The Process of Planning and Conducting Field Research 4. The Process of Planning and Conducting In- Depth Interviews 5. Strengths and Weaknesses of Qualitative Field Research
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Uses of Qualitative Research Intensely descriptive, comprehensive Study attitudes/behaviors in natural settings Study of social processes over time Interactive process of deduction and induction, hypothesis testing/exploring Leaves social processes undisturbed
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General Features of Qualitative Research Observation : direct and takes place in natural setting Primary method in field research Recorded in extensive field notes Usually accompanied by researchers’ direct experience Interviews Based on ordinary conversations and formal, in-depth interviewing Can provide cross-checks on field observation In-depth interviews often used as stand-alone method
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General Features (continued) Supplementary Archival and Other Data Documentary evidence and statistics may be used to contextualize a study Other records may enhance observations and interviews Nonprobability Sampling Nonrandom selection of field sites, observations, and people
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General Features (continued) Qualitative Data Analysis Data generally consist of written text in the form of field notes and interview transcriptions Analysis occurs throughout the process of data collection Reflexivity Researcher’s practice of reflecting on how his or her characteristics and presence shape the research process May involve reflection on the impact of insider and outsider status in the field setting
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Variations in Methods: Degrees of Participation & Observation Field researchers may vary in their participation and observation in the field setting
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  • Fall '15
  • Qualitative Research

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