human and animals 3.docx - Equs gets split into three...

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Equs gets split into three different species Modern domesticated horse: E. fecus, E. caballus Northern hemisphere began to cool, became drier, Expansion of grasslands, harder to chew Major changes: feet and teeth. Many browsing species went extinct while those with hypsodont teeth for processing coarse grasses survived Bigger, longer legs, Teeth- as grass got tougher, they gained sharper teeth. Higher crown Feet- 2 feet, walked on middle finger Necks got longer Hoof - entended nail Ambushing horses, hunt them seasonally when they would migrate More than 80,000 horses killed there before 18,000BP ( solutre france) Horse meat have a lot of fat(help for winter) Lecture 45 ; pathway to horse domestication Directed pathway 20,000 BP hunter gatherers hunted horse 7,000 BP pre domestication 6,000BP earliest evidence of domestication The distribution of wild horse population around northern eurasia = steppic environment, open grassland Horses were first domesticated in western eurasian steppe (temperate grassland) Have a lot of mares (wild females) Why horses over shep and goat Mobility. Important for transport/packing For meat, milk, hides, bones dor tool manufacture
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  • Fall '16
  • Domestication of the horse, Western Eurasian steppe, Pontic Caspian Steppe

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