Naming Rules Day 1 A.pdf - Rules for Naming Chemical...

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

Image of page 1
You've reached the end of this preview.

Unformatted text preview: Rules for Naming Chemical Compounds Binary Ionic Compounds (Type I) Wflfl ”LC 5+? 1. The cation (positively charged ion; Na*~AI3*) is always named first and the anion (negatively charged ion; Cl', 02') second. 2. A monatomic (meaning one—atom) cation takes its name from the name ofthe element. For example, Na+ is called sodium in the names of compounds containing this ion. 3. A monatomic anion is named by taking the root ofthe element name and adding —ide. Thus, the Cl’ ion is called chloride, the 82' ion is called sulfide, and the 02' ion is called oxide. 4. A polyatomic anion does not change its ending, just add it to the cation. NH4 is the onlybpolyatomica cation and its name is WL'S 35% So) Name the compound formed when the following elements combine (also include proper cation and anion names). LI“ I: P5 LI I: +) — I . _ - 1. lithium and fluorine IIIIWIWI “flymda/ —I I _/ 2. sodium and iodine 42.. —; ”A: Sit—3 3. magneSIum and sulfur fiMSMAl/m ml <10 4 z —z *1 ’2— C 4. calcium and oxygen CaLC/tClAb-VIA aid; 4. O *3 —— I N3 CA’ A\ Cla 5. aluminum and chlorine OLIl/W‘INAIM achlmdb +\ 80% '1 (0 $0+a3§hmx $‘%‘¥«KK?OWESIMM§Q%¥% TI Maavmm norm—ti, 3 “£23; “3%me Rules for Naming Chemical Compounds \I Binary Ionic Compounds (Type ll) “0* “3L (cont) DD WW“ 3. Transition metal cations, except Zn2+ Cd2+ and Ag (which always have the charges shown here) must show the oxidation number (charge) in parentheses following the English spelling of the element such as iron(lll), copper(l), or vanadium(V), whenever a [email protected] containing these' ions, which has multiple charges is named. (QN’IVI MS£@ Binary Ionic Compounds (Type II) Rules for Naming Chemical Compounds mil/1M metals —}’r 5n +<Pb 1. The cation ofa transition metal is always named first (like any cation) and the anion second. 6W MW “MA 2. A monatomic (meaning one— atom) cation takes its namé't’rdm‘t enio+ name of the element. For example, Cu is called copper(l) and MIA [‘ Cu2+ is called copper(ll) in the names of compounds containing‘ 9’ these ions. The number in parentheses is the charge of the cation. Write the name of the compound and its formula for the combined atoms below: +2 _. l 1. 2. . Cobalt (Ill) and fluorine .Mercury(|l)andchlorine WNW-gar) ohm-ride 443(4; . Titanium (IV) and sulfur M _ C Di I Z ,1 Manganese (VII) and oxygen Win“? 0 _ mom minute Co‘omI-Ctlr)flumfle CD F3 Copper (II) and iodine 0“ I I (in—lean mm (It?) imISIl‘C‘Q Tigk ...
View Full Document

  • Spring '17
  • Ion, binary ionic compounds

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern