Chapter 2.rtf - TWO Emergence of Early Culture Prehi...

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TWO Emergence of Early Culture Prehi story (most dates approxi mate) PALEOLITHIC AGE 40,000 BC 30,000–20,000 Venus of Willendorf , Austria 18,000 BC 18,000–15,000 Last Ice Age 13,000 Lascaux cave paintings, France MESOLITHIC AGE 10,000 BC 10,000 Invention of bow and arrow, irst domestication of wheat and barley NEOLITHIC AGE 8000 BC 8000 Domestication of animals, development of agriculture, pottery, weav- ing, permanent houses, settlements, fortiications, warfare Mesopotamia Egypt 5000 BC 5000 Iniltration of Semites from Dynastic Period west and north, non-Semites from Invention of solar calendar east; fusion of religion: sun 3500–3000 Sumerian Protoliterate worship Period. Iniltration of Sumerians II. Devel- (origin?) and fusion with resident hieroglyphics and population; invention of written administration language BRONZE AGE 3000 BC 3000–2350 Sumerian dynasties 2700 Reign of Gilgamesh, king of Uruk 2500 First dynasty of Ur 2350–2100 Sargon the Great 2050–1900 Third dynasty of Ur (Neo-Sumerian Period), Gudea of Lagash 2686–2181 Old Kingdom, dynas- ties III–VI. Highly centralize political theocracy; strong artistic development 2590–2514 Pyramid Age 2260–2130 First Intermediate Period, dynasties VII–X 2134–1786 Middle Kingdom, dynasties XI–XII. Expansion and prosperity; reinement of arts 11 25 12 A Narrative of Western Culture 2000 BC 2000 The Epic of Gilgamesh 1900–1500 First dynasty of Babylonia 1792–1750 Hammurabi and Law Code 1500–1100 Kassite Period, status quo 1076–612 Assyrian Empire 884–859 Assurnasirpal II, capital of Nimrud 722–709 Sargon II, capital of Khorsabad 669–626 Assurbanipal, capital at Nineveh 1780–1550 Second Intermedi- ate Period: Hyksos, dynasties XIII–XVII 1570–1085 New Kingdom (Empire), dynasties XVII–XX 1379–1362 Akhenaton (Amarna Period) 1085–664 Post-Empire Period, dynasties XXI–XXV
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IRON AGE 1000 BC 625–539 Chaldean (Neo-Babylonian) Empire 604–562 Nebuchadnezzar II 586–539 Babylonian Captivity of Israelites 539–331 Persian Empire 539–530 Cyrus the Great 521– Darius I (490–479 Persian invasions of Greece) 485–465 Xerxes I 331 Alexander the Great conquers Persian Empire 670 Assyrian conquest of Egypt 663–525 Saite Period, dynasty XXVI; cultural renaissance 525 Persia conquers Egypt 525–343 Persian kings, Egyptian dynasties XXVII–XXX 343–332 Persian kings 332 Alexander the Great conquers Egypt 332–311 Macedonian kings 311–30 The Ptolemies 51–30 Cleopatra VII 1 BC Reconstruction of the ziggurat at Ur. Sumerian, Third Dynasty of Ur. Ca. 2150–2050 BC. Height ca. 90' (27.4 m). Egyptian columns. From left to right: bud, foliated, palm leaf, papyrus blossom, reed bundle, lotus. Prehistory Archaeologists have prosaically labeled the periods before the inventio writing according to weapons or tools used, thus the Stone Age, Bronze Age, Age. There are three phases of the extended Stone Age: the Paleolithic paleos , “old”; lithos , “stone”), the Mesolithic (“middle stone”), and Neo (“new stone”). . . .
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  • Fall '10
  • JoelMCox
  • Persian Gulf, Sumer, Persian Empire

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