Soc Sci 183W Lecture Notes.docx

Soc Sci 183W Lecture Notes.docx - Soc Sci 183W Notes...

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Soc Sci 183W Notes 04/12/2018 ° Tuesday 4/10 ° Who is the audience for policy scientists? Think tanks Policymakers – time is very short  use direct language (persuasive, simple short sentences) o Knowledgeable, but not expert (need to minimize jargon) ° What are the recommendations for limiting civil wars? More democracy Education/literacy Inclusiveness Good civilian-military relations Transparency – funding research Support from developed/consolidated democracy (know how it is transferred; funding for reforms, accountability) Commitment to NONVIOLENCE (using political channels to resolve conflict) ° What is the main problem? Democracies generally don’t experience civil war Hybrid regimes (ones with some democracy) are more likely to experience civil war ° What are the difference sections of the policy brief? Abstract brief summary Intro: lengthier summary with background info
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Problem: description argument for why the problem matters Policy options: possible course of action to resolve the problem Conclusion/Recommendation: which policy is best Bibliography ° Why are hybrid regimes more likely to experience civil war? More openness is civil society allows for expression, but the institutions often don’t have the capacity to respond to grievances Perception that institutions ought to effect change when they don’t, actors resort to violence Competition for power resources, and lack of political culture in how to use institutions to address competition Opportunities for seizing power through violence Policy-checks are stronger in democracies ° Thursday 4/12 ° What are some characteristics of intractable conflicts? Complexity: differences across parties, but also internal differences within parties High stake issues about needs, values and identity Both parties hold onto their positions bc holding the position is more important than resolving the conflict Destructive rather than constructive Cost of withdrawing is higher than staying in Often embedded in long-standing differences (repeated, continuous patterns of violence) ° What makes these more difficult to resolve than disputes? What needs to be considered in the resolution?
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High escalation that occurs over time – process of escalation, and resolution needs to account for everything that happened in the process Lots of issues need to be resolved ° What causes intractable conflict? Moral arguments: worldview about what’s right and wrong (ideology shapes your view on morality) Distribution of important resources: power, jobs, land, housing (perception of win-lose) Power and status: which group has higher status in society (pecking order conflict) ° ° What are the costs of intractable conflicts? Why do parties engage despite the costs?
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  • Fall '08
  • lnarens
  • Conflict, Soc Sci 183W

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