FINAL ESSAY SOC.docx - Peter Johnson SOC 1005 19 May 2018...

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Peter Johnson SOC 1005 19 May 2018 Final Paper Answer all three questions. Discuss two out of the three readings per question. You only have to answer the parts of the question that correspond to the readings you are discussing. 1. Explain the one-drop rule, the link between slavery and mass incarceration, and how these events lead to a theory of racial domination in the U.S. A: The one-drop rule is a social and legal principle of racial classification that was historically prominent in the United States asserting that any person with even one ancestor of sub-Saharan- African ancestry (“one drop” of black blood) is considered black (Negro in historical terms). This definition reflects the long experience with slavery and later with Jim Crow segregation. The change from slavery to mass incarceration, blacks were kept separate from whites through social ostracisation and extraction of labor. This began with slavery from 1619 to 1865. Blacks were considered slaves who had to do unfree, fixed labour for the white man on plantations. After slavery was abolished, the Jim Crow laws subjugated the blacks. Under the Jim Crow laws, blacks were mostly sharecroppers performing free, fixed labor in an agrarian and extractive economy. While the South was governed by these “separate but equal laws”, the blacks in the North were menial workers in ghettos, the poor, slum parts of a city. Blacks had very low social and economic mobility and were confined to segmented, industrial, manufacturing types of jobs. Crime rate were high in the ghettos and living conditions were poor. Under the hyper ghettos and prisons, blacks were being incarcerated more than ever. The Prisons created the distinction in race and classified blacks as criminalistic and thus segregating them even more in society. The astronomical overrepresentation of blacks in houses of penal confinement and the increasingly tight meshing of the hyperghetto with the carceral system suggests that, owing to America’s adoption of mass incarceration as a queer social policy designed to discipline the poor and contain the dishonoured, lower-class African-Americans now dwell, not in a society with prisons as their white compatriots do, but in the first genuine prison society in history. With each step in
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