Chapter 14.docx - Chapter 14 Personality What is...

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Chapter 14 Personality What is Personality? Distinctive pattern of traits/ dispositions that characterize an individual over time and across situations Think of someone you know very well-what is that person like?- you can predict behavior Friends who know you will not put you in situations that make you uncomfortable Behavior patterns that distinguish us from one another It is what makes us unique and special Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory When you think freud think unconscious/ childhood Basic Assumptions Personality driven by unconscious conflicts and feelings Formed primarily by early childhood experiences Childhood is very powerful Psychoanalysis: thoughts and actions attributed to unconscious motives and conflicts This approach is associated with Freud/ unconsciousness The Mind- how he divides the mind Iceberg- 1-preconscious (outside of our current awareness- we have access to us- info is available but not currently processing it (LTM) 2-Conscious-working memory 3- unconscious mind no awareness no access Preconscious info available, not currently in conscious conscious : awareness Unconscious: unacceptable stuff Personality Id: primitive, unconscious (lower iceberg) Functions on Pleasure Principle: immediate gratification, ignore consequences If it feels good do it- don’t worry about the consequences Just go for it Babies fully driven by the id Devil on your shoulder Ego: conscious, rational, logical Reality Principle: satisfy id, but only if it’s not bad Try to satisfy only the id in a safe way if the consequences are not bad Rational part Middle ground Superego : moral center- this is what society wants you to do develop preschool years 5 yrs Angel on shoulder Causes a lot of conflict- unconscious level Defense Mechanisms
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Repression: push bad things from consciousness Life is better when we do not need to process Push it down Projection: attribute your bad impulses to others Take your impulses and put it on other people Do not acknowledge YOU have that impulse Rationalization : self- justifying explanations Justify unhealthy behavior Displacement : redirect impulses to safer outlet
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