Exam 3.docx - Exam 3 Review Sheet Ch 7 Learning Behaviorism...

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Exam 3 Review Sheet Ch. 7- Learning Behaviorism Goal: Predict and explain behavior by only focusing on observable stimuli No reference to MP-ignores it What are people going to do? WHy are they doing that? Behavior: we can see it and record it Learning Relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience When they say someone has learned something- that means there has been a change Conditioning - learning observable associations Learning to put things together Classical conditioning- initially neutral stimulus elicits a response through association with another stimulus that already elicits the same response -We are starting with some stimulus that is neutral- present it and nothing happens- but eventually that neutral stimulus will cause a response US- something that elicits a reflexive response.Natural relationship that is already here (unlearned)- it was already there UR - reflexive response elicited by US (behavior) CS- originally neutral stimulus that becomes associated with US the elicits response. New relationship that you want to establish- The part that has to be learned CR- response elicited by CS. Same or similar response- to what is it associated with Pavlov’s Dogs- he was studying digestion US ? Food- starting with what you already know: food= salivate UR ? Salivating CS ? Bell wanted to see the dog could associate the ringing of the bell with food CR ? Salivating They would start to salivate when the person who rung the bell entered the room- because they associated the bell/ person with food Before the training the dog would not have salivated to the bell Acquisition- learning the association of the CS + US CS precede US CS/US come close together CS/US paired together CS distinctive Higher order conditioning Neutral stimulus associated with CS- becomes US You can add another CS once they have learned they first one Extinction CR goes away if CS is presented without US You can get the dogs to salivate to the bell but if you stop following up with food they will stop salivating at the bell Spontaneous recovery
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Reappearance of CR after a pause but very quickly drops They will start salivating again at the bell Generalization- CR elicited by stimuli similar to original CS -you are probably not only going to see the response to the original CS but also similar CS (Dog bites kid- kid is nervous around dogs and maybe all animals) How are classical and operant conditioning different? -CC: reflexive, involuntary behavior (naturally happens). Stimulus precedes behavior -OC: voluntary behavior (we have control over it). Behavior produces stimulus- hope that in the future you will change Operant conditioning -A behavior becomes more or less likely depending on consequence (good or bad can fix our behavior B. F. Skinner Worked mostly with animals Coined the term operant conditioning Used the Skinner box (Box-Rat) Reinforcement
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  • Spring '12
  • Dr.StacyLipowski
  • Psychology, Behaviorism, Memory processes, neutral stimulus, new cell phone, new material interferes

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