Female Reproductive system.docx

Female Reproductive system.docx - January 8 2018(Female...

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January 8, 2018 (Female Anatomy Part 1) Sequence of events allowing a life cycle Organs developing through fetal life Endocrine systems mature, and reproductive system jump starts Why reproduction? o Reproductive management and technologies Synchronization of breeding season o Overcoming fertility- hormonal treatment, AI, Embryo transfer o Birth control o Improving genetic selection- AI, super stimulation and embryo transfer, cloning Directional terminology o Craneal (Superior)- head of the horse o Dorsal- back of horse o Caudal (Inferior)- tail of the horse o Ventral- belly of the horse Examination of reproductive tract through digestive system Vagina is a share organ of urinary and reproductive system Uterus is comprised of the uterine horns, uterine body, cervix Mucosa is the secretory epithelium that lines the lumen o Cell type present dependent on function Submucosa supports the mucosa, and has varied thickness o Consists of blood vessels, nerves, lymphatics Muscularis is the outer longitudinal layer and the inner circular layer o Contractions: gamete/ embryo transport, parturition Serosa: outer connective tissue o Support, prevents adhesions Lumen is covered by Mucosa Mucosa is supported by Submucosa Submucosa is surrounded by Muscularis and that is then supported by Serosa External genitalia- the vulva o Anatomical structure There are two labia (major and minor) Commissures- the joint between two bones and a band of nerve tissue connecting the hemispheres of the brain, the 2 sides of the spinal cord Clitoral fossa
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Clitoris can be compared to penis Vestibular glands- a gland that opens into the vestibule of the vagina; secretions lubricate the vagina during coitus o Histological structure Skin: sebaceous and sweat glands, hair and adipose tissue Muscularis: constrictor vulva o Function Minimizes entrance of foreign material into the vagina Show sign of estrus and heat Lubricate the caudal end of the tract by producing mucus during heat o Gender determination in kittens
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  • Fall '09
  • Clitoris, Uterus, Sex organ, Vagina, anatomical structure

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