PSY final study guide.pdf - MODULE 17 Co-actors...

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MODULE 17 Co-actors : Co-participants working individually on a noncompetitive activity Social facilitation : (1) original mean: the tendency of people to perform simple or well learned tasks better when others are present (2) current meaning: the strengthening of dominant (prevalent, likely) responses in the presence of others Evaluation apprehension : Concern for how others are evaluating us. MODULE 18 Social loafing : The tendency for people to exert less effort when they pool their efforts toward a common goal than when they are individually accountable Free riders : People who benefit from the group but give little in return MODULE 19 Deindividuation : Loss of self awareness and evaluation apprehension; occurs in group situations that foster responsiveness to group norms, good or bad Self awareness : The self conscious state in which attention focuses on oneself. It makes people more sensitive to their own attitudes and dispositions. MODULE 22 Prejudice : A preconceived negative judgement of a group and its individual members. Stereotype : A belief about the personal attributes of a group of people. Stereotypes are sometimes overgeneralized, inaccurate, and resistant to new information (and sometimes accurate). Discrimination : Unjustified negative behavior toward a group or its members Racism : (1) an individual’s prejudicial attitudes and discriminatory behavior toward people of a given race, or (2) institutional practices (even if not motivated by prejudice) that subordinate people of a given race.
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