LING 101.docx - LING 101 1 DIALECTl ANY variety of a...

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LING 101 1. DIALECT” l ANY “variety of a language Two different dialects: CAN understand each other (though different)= mutually intelligible = same language Two different languages: CANNOT understand each other (even if related) Prescriptive Statements: [judge] Prescriptivists judge some dialects as "wrong", "inferior look for the JUDGEMENTS descriptive Statements: [describe] Descriptivists just ask: how does the dialect work? 2. Family of the language L5 p31 = a group of modern languages from single traceable ancient ancestor Lecture4 p.37 English : Proto Indo-European language family German : Proto Indo-European language family Halq'emeylem : Halkomelem language family Hindi/Urdu : Indo-Aryan language family Spanish : Romance language family (branch from Italic and Proto Indo-European) Hawaiian: Austronesian language family i. Salish 23 modern language Two Salish languages in Vancouver: - Halkomelem (Vancouver)( Halq'emeylem Salish (a dialect of Halkomelem)(‘= ) ʔ - Squamish - Skwxwu7mesh (7= ) ʔ (North Vancouver and Squamish) Also many others: - Okanagan - ns lxcin ə - Lillooet - St'at'imcets+ 19 others In ALL Salish languages, glottal stop occurs inside words, and is used (inside words) to distinguish meanings ii. Proto-Indo-European Germanic 1. Kw hw (k h) 2. t θ [th] 3. p f iii. major language families in India Indo-Aryan(Branch of IE) Northern India: Indo-Aryan mainly Southern India: Dravidian(has no traceable connection to IE)
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iv. Austronesian > Formosan Branch-taiwanese (oldest) Austronesian > Malayo-Polynesian Branch > Malagasy L13 p 43 3. Pidgins and creoles(Tok Pisin) (mostly English vocabulary, some German
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  • Summer '10
  • Kwng
  • Language family, Indo-European languages, Stop consonant

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