N3121 MODULE 1 -1.docx - MODULE 1 PROMOTING INFECTION...

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MODULE 1 PROMOTING INFECTION CONTROL OUTCOME CRITERIA Mastery of the content of this module will enable the student to: 1. Define key terms: Health care associated infections (HAI)- infections that are acquired while receiving medical treatment in the healthcare facility Chain of infection- Organism→ Reservoir→ Portal of exit → Means of transmission → Portals of entry → Susceptible host PPE- personal protective equipment worn to minimize exposure Medical asepsis- “clean technique” practices designed to reduce the number and transfer of pathogens (free of dirt, marks, or stains) Surgical asepsis- “sterile technique” keeps objects and areas free from microorganisms Isolation- being separate from others Transmission based precautions- additional infection control precautions in healthcare Standard precautions- practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with bodily fluids o Airborne precautions- diseases or very small germs that are spread through the air from one person to another Chickenpox, measles o Droplet precautions- d iseases or germs that are spread in tiny droplets caused by coughing and sneezing Flu, whooping cough o Contact precautions- infections, diseases, or germs that are spread by touching the patient or items in the room VRSA, MRSA, VRE
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Infection 2. Identify appropriate situations for hand hygiene.
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  • Summer '13
  • AmandaFinley
  • Staphylococcus aureus, Vancomycin, Medical hygiene

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