ENDOCRINE SYSTEM SUMMARY.docx - ENDOCRINE SYSTEM SUMMARY...

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ENDOCRINE SYSTEM SUMMARY : The endocrine system is made up of glands that produce hormones and release them into the blood. The hormones cause certain reactions to occur in specific tissues. The endocrine system affects a large number of the body’s functions, including temperature, metabolism, sexual function, reproduction, moods, and growth and development. The pituitary : The pituitary gland controls the functions of several other endocrine glands. It’s not very big, though — only about the size of a pea. The pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain, and it secretes several different hormones: o Adrenocorticotropic hormone: Stimulates the suprarenal glands to produce cortisol, which is a stress hormone (meaning production of this hormone is triggered by stressful situations) o Antidiuretic hormone: Regulates fluid balance in the body o Follicle-stimulating hormone : Stimulates the ovaries to produce eggs, or ova, in women and sperm production in men o Growth hormone: Stimulates growth during childhood and helps to maintain bone and muscle mass in adults o Luteinizing hormone: Helps regulate testosterone in males and estrogen in women o Melanocyte-stimulating hormone: Stimulates the production of melanin (skin pigment) by the melanocytes in the skin and hair o Oxytocin: Stimulates lactation (milk production) in the breasts and
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  • Fall '09
  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone

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