AHIS paper1

AHIS paper1 - Paper 1 Medieval Visual Culture AHIS 220g Due...

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Paper 1 Medieval Visual Culture AHIS 220g Due: Oct 19 th 2006 The images depicting Carolingian emperors and those depicting Ottonian emperors differ. The Ottonian Empire descended from the Carolingian Empire in around the 10 th century, starting off with Henry I. We can see images of Charlemagne, Louis the Pious and Charles the Bald in the Carolingian Empire and images of Otto III and Henry II in the Ottonian Empire. There was a lot of internal warfare amongst the Carolingian Emperors but the Ottonian Empire was free from this. This in turn also influenced the way in which Kings were depicted in the images. Charlemagne, meaning Charles the Great in Latin, was the King of Franks who conquered Italy. On a visit to Rome in 800 he was crowned Emperor by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day. The period he ruled was a rough one where he removed the Lombards from power in Italy, waged war on the Sacrens, and the Saxons. The image showing Leo III and Charlemagne shows Charlemagne sitting on the top and another image of himself on the right and the pope on the left. Charlemagne is shown with a mustache but no beard and he is portrayed through various artistic elements such as idealization, stylizing and placement to be triumphant. This imagery shows him emperor in the Carolingian empire. Charlemagne is shown holding a scarf with a cross above the pope’s head and holding a flag with himself on the other side. In the 2 nd image in the reader we see Charlemagne thanking Leo (who is holding a miniature house) for coronating and taking care of his empire. The pope was expected to pray for the people and the empire and the emperor was the one that lead it. Leo III is the one who had these
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images made. It was imperative for the Charlemagne to form a bond with the pope as most of his people were Christian and they would definitely follow the church. If the church and the people were one then the Emperor was safe and the people had to obey the emperor. Since there was peace between the church and the state people were happy and hence were happy with the emperor. According to Einhard, Charlemagne had very good foreign relations and an example is given that when he asked for an elephant he was sent the only one available. Einhard also tells us that Charlemagne wore the traditional, inconspicuous, and distinctly non-aristocratic costume of the Frankish people. He accessorized too, wearing a blue cloak and always carrying a sword with him. The typical sword was a golden or silver hilt. However, he wore fancy jeweled swords to banquets or ambassadorial receptions. He could rise to the occasion when necessary. On great feast days, he wore embroidery
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AHIS paper1 - Paper 1 Medieval Visual Culture AHIS 220g Due...

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