KAS 1: LE 2 Lumaban sa mga Espanyol: 1) Outright Rejection (Tahasang Pagtanggi) - rejected/revolted from the start 2) Sporadic Rejection • tawag sa mga taga-Cordillera ay Ygolotes • Missiones Vivas - used for colonizing Cordillera - Spaniards wanted to exploit gold - Spaniards wanted to have the monopoly of selling Tabaco Ygolotes Buffer Zone Indio Why wasn’t it successful? 1) Big place 2) highest place in the PH (mountains) 3) climate (cold) 4) connection of the Ygolotes & Ilocano 5) warrior societies • Kanyaw - head-hunting of their enemieS • Cultural Reservation was maintained in Cordillera Sporadic Revolts • POLITICAL 1) Tondo Conspiracy (1587-1588) - Magat Salamat (son of Lakandula) - Agustin de Legaspi (cousin) - Magat went to Cuyo, Palawan - they were hanged • RELIGIOUS 1) Tamblot & Bancao (1621-1622) - Bohol & Leyte - tested a Jesuit - wanted to prove that their god is better - 2,000 followed Tamblot - 50 Espanyol called from Cebu - 1000 Cebuano to suppress - Bancao & Pagali didn’t succeed 2) Apolinario dela Cruz (1841) - Hermano Pule - from Tayabas - made his own group called Cofradia de San Jose - earned more than the friars - died through fire squad • ECONOMIC 1) Basi Revolt (1807) 1
- drink made from sugar cane - government prohibited making of basi - took place in Ilocos 2) Juan Sumuroy (1649-1650) - revolted against Polo y Servicio 3) Diego Silang (1762-1763) - came from Principalia - messenger of the friars • SEPT 1762 - went to Manila to wait for a galleon - British people arrived BRITISH • 1756-1763 (7 Years War) • GB vs France & Spain British Generals that came to the PH: 1) William Draper 2) Samuel Cornish • Oidor (Royal Audencia) - Simon de Anda - sent by archbishop Rojo to Bacoler, Pampanga - Silang kicked Spaniards out of Ilocos - became leader of Ilocos - asked Principalia to pay buwis - British contacted Silang - gave him the title Maestro de Campo General y Teniente de Justicia Mayor - Miguel Vicos & Pedro Becbec (friends of Silang) - friends wanted to kill Silang ( gun ) - Gabriella Silang & followers went to Cordillera - caught by Spaniards and killed - British left PH with a lot of wrath 4) Francisco Dagohoy (1744-1829) - Sagarino (brother) - brother died in a duel - Jesuits didn’t approve of a Catholic burial - 20,000 joined Dagohoy - took over a pueblo - lasted long because the colony had a lot of problems • Revolutions symbolized uncontentment of people • no concept of bayan Ang SIglo ng Malawakang Pagbabago 1750’s Spain: Habsburg ! Bourbon (France) Bourbon reforms ( Bourbons led Spain ) - influences of Enlightenment arrived in Spain 2
PH : Gov. General Jose Basco y Vargas - (1778-1787) • Real Sociedad Economica de Amigos del Pais - Plan General Economico 1) use of land for agriculture 2) allow the Chinese to live • Real Companiya de Filipinas - (1780-1814) - used for training - PH ! Spain - closed because of complaints from Galleon • Opened PH for World Trade (1820’s) - port of Manila (1834) - increase of demand for agricultural products: 1) cash crops - cotton Ilocos - tobacco - abaca (Bicol) - sugar (Tarlac, Iloilo, Pampanga) - coffee (Batangas & Cavite) • Commercialization of Agriculture 1) Monocropping - one set of products for one area 2) Monopoly - one source of products
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