ArHi Class Notes - Art History 2100 17/02/2008 22:54:00...

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Unformatted text preview: Art History 2100 17/02/2008 22:54:00 January 15, 2008 Ancient India: Great Sanchi Stupa built in 3 rd to 1 st century B.C. Stupa: large mound that houses the relics of Buddha; cremated bodily remains. Also known as Reliquaries. Stupa consists of a dome placed on a platform called a drum. Topped with harmika, yasti, then three chatras. Dome represents no beginning or end. Also implies divinity. There are also a series of gates that go around a stupa. Gates are thresholds that indicate that we are entering a sacred space. o Gates are known as toranas. o Toranas are decorated with certain architectural elements. Central vertical pole that runs through center of stupa is known as the yasti. Also known as axis mundi = center of the world. QuickTime  and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. The stupa was never entered. Also could never reach the top of the stupa. Made out of earth. Ancient Greek Art & Culture Doryphoros ( Spear Bearer) Athlete, 450-440 B.C. Created by Polykleitos. High Classical period: Belongs to the Golden Age of Pericles. QuickTime  and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Marble copy from bronze original. Ancient Greek believe in perfection of human figure. Demonstrates Greek achievement in sculpture. Sense of light and movement. Perfect male figure. Represented as if it was alive or moving. Polykleitos wrote treaties about the human figures proportions; treaty was titled Canon meaning set of rules or rule. Symetria : harmonious balanced organization of different body parts, doesnt mean figure is symmetrical. Ritmous : rhythm or movement. Sense of animation in light and movement. Contraposto: disposition of human body in which hips and legs slightly turn in one direction, and torso in a different direction. This slight turn creates a sense of movement and animation. Shift in weight: right leg engaged, left is relaxed. Left arm is engaged, right arm is relaxed. Tilted head: further animates entire figure and also creates sense of movement. Proportion of body parts was designed by Polykleitos written in Canon. Menkaure and wife: 2490-2472 B.C. ; Egyptian IV Dynasty. QuickTime f and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Kouros 600 B.C. ; Greek Archaeic. Marble....
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This note was uploaded on 03/23/2008 for the course ARHI 2100 taught by Professor Pauly during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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ArHi Class Notes - Art History 2100 17/02/2008 22:54:00...

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