Brief Lecture - Baroque copy (1).pdf - The Early Baroque Period The word Baroque was originally a derogatory term(meaning deformed The early Baroque

Brief Lecture - Baroque copy (1).pdf - The Early Baroque...

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The Early Baroque Period The word Baroque was originally a derogatory term (meaning deformed). The early Baroque, approx. 1600-1650, though dates of this period get a bit fuzzy. Things that carry over from the Renaissance: Madrigals, Instrumental/dance music. Characteristics of the Baroque Period: Instruments: 1)Big development of instruments. Modern violins (except for the bow, which will develop more around 1800). Development of Harpsichord. (Remember, NO PIANO until 1750”s) Cremona Italy was the (and still is) the home of great violin making. In the 16th Century, violins are used by professionals, viols by amateurs. Oboes and Trumpets developed in the 1600. Patronage 1 Noble and royal courts supported musical culture. 2 The church had less of a role in supporting music than it had previously. 3 Academies, private associations that sponsored musical activities, supported music in many cities. 4 Public concerts were just beginning, but were rare until the later 1700s. Idiomatic writing Composers adapted their writing to the medium, i.e. specific instrument, or vocal solo singing. There were famous virtuoso performers, both instrumentalists and vocalists. Composers aimed to express the affections. Affections were states of the soul, such as rage, heroism, sorrow, or joy. Composers were not trying to express their own emotions, but the range of human emotions. Rhythm Meter and rhythm were tied to the affection the composer wished to evoke. Some works were improvisatory, with flexible rhythms. Some works used regular rhythms in strict meters. The two types were often paired to provide contrast. Basso continuo Composers notated only the bass and treble lines. The bass was usually played by a continuo instrument such as lute or harpsichord, and was reinforced by a sustaining bass instrument. (like cello)
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Figured Bass: The keyboard or lute player filled in (realized) the chords, using notated number( figures) over the bassline. Ground Bass - Repeating bass line. Harmony At the beginning of the Baroque, chromaticism was used for expressive purposes. By the end of the Baroque, chromaticism was used to help govern the harmony. A system of major–minor tonality evolved in response to composers' use of a central triad and a hierarchy of relationships among the other chords. Opera -A brand new genre in the Baroque Period. A drama where everything is sung. Baroque Operas were known as Opera Seria (Serious Opera). They are based on Roman and Greek history and or mythology. This is a throwback to the Renaissance, were Europeans were obsessed with the glory days of Rome. Baroque opera consists of three types of music: Arias, recitative and choruses. Arias = songs. They are where the emotional state of the characters is communicated and accompanied by the orchestra Recitative = dialogue. Where the plot moves forward. Accompanied by the basso continuo. (Harpsichord and cello) Chorus = cast accompanied by orchestra. Usually commentary in the action.
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  • Fall '07
  • Staff
  • Music, Baroque music, baroque period, early baroque, Baroque opera, Johann Sebestian Bach

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