Osteoporosis Davis Advantage.docx - Osteoporosis is a...

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Osteoporosisis a chronic condition that results in deterioration of bone tissue and density, increasing a patient’s risk for fractures.Osteoporosis is often called a silent disease because many patients are not aware they have it until a fracture occurs.High-risk populations should have regular screening tests, including bone density measurement.women older than age 50 (postmenopausal age)women of Asian descentthose with a family history of osteoporosisSmokerOverweightDown’s syndrome is also associated with an increased risk of osteoporosis, potentially associated with the accelerated agingassociated with that syndrome.While some risk factors, such as age, gender, and race, cannot be modified, other risk factors can be managed. Those at risk canprevent the onset of osteoporosis by performing exercises to strengthen the bones and muscles, eating a healthy diet, losing weightif recommended, limiting alcohol consumption, and abstaining from tobacco use.Some important factors to note that occur with aging are1) a decrease in calcitonin levels, a hormone that decreases osteoclastic activity2) a decrease in estrogen levels, which results in the inhibition of bone formation3) an increase in the parathyroid hormone, which increases osteoclastic activity and bone turnover.All of these changes produce a decrease in the BMD; hence, the bones become more porous, brittle, and fragile, thereby increasingthe risk for fracturesPatients at risk for osteoporosis must consume enough calcium and vitamin D. Calcium is not created by the body, but is necessary to

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Term
Fall
Professor
N/A
Tags
Bone loss, bone formation, bone density measurement

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