COMMUNISM ussr vs chinese.docx - USSR Communism vs Chinese...

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USSR Communism vs ChineseIt is evident that The USSR and China share many characteristics in common. While communism’s foundation in China and the USSR lies in marxist philosophy, both countries had different systems to achieve equality; both China and Russia’s rise to power stemmed from warand political/economic upheaval, but China’s assumption of power occurred over a greater expanse of time; both countries experienced land reform and collectivization in China was more extreme than in Russia; and in addition equality and social perception was acted upon very differently, in Russia leading to the eventual end of the USSR and in China creating a global superpower. While China had a historical uprising of the masses, the peasants of the countryside, the USSR did not have a revolution supported by the majority of the people; rather they were appeased by people of major cities, nor did their revolution last as long as it did in China. A defining cause or catalyst for the Russian Revolution were the immense pressures of WWI. Many people suffered greatly during this time, from wartime shortages, and to this result they held resentment and anger towards the elite class. (Hollingsworth, Barry) Through a great strife, Tsar Nicholas II lost support and he was forced to renounce his throne. Soviets, a grassroots organization of workers, set themselves as the representatives for the people. Over time, people saw the incompetence of the Provisional Government, which had come after the tsar; not only were they from the middle class or were socialist leaders, but they refused to compromise to appease the revolutionary masses, such as the encouragement to take Russia out of the war. Under the circumstances, a small socialist party, the Bolsheviks, was able to assume power (in late October) in a coup of St. Petersburg.(Hollingsworth, Barry) The Bolsheviks message was widely favored by the people: an end to war, land for the peasants, workers’ control of factories, self-determination for non--Russian nationalities, etc. While they
had successfully claimed power swiftly, the rise to power was only the beginning; keeping powerwas the true task. A three year civil war occurred followed by the Bolsheviks formally calling their party “communist.” They won over opposition from forces within and external forces fearful of a communist regime, however this was due to the fact that they signed a peace treaty with Germany taking them out of war in 1918. (Hollingsworth, Barry) The Boxer War of 1900 and the Russo-Japanese War of 1904 served greatly to awaken the Chinese people and to crystallize a political crisis in that country. (Chang C, M.) The CCP gained recognition after emerging victorious after fighting the Japanese, even so, they had more to overcome than Russia’s Provisional government: the Nationalist Party that had been in power since 1928.in China, the Chinese imperial system collapsed in 1911, under the pressures of foreign imperialism and

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