PP#3 - From the Ren to the Ref & Counter-Ref - Religious Conflict .pptx

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From the Renaissance to the Reformation & the Counter- Reformation: Religious Conflict Baruch College, Spring 2018 History 1003 Prof. Charnof Reims Cathedral Source: , 7-15-13
Today From Medieval Times to the Renaissance and beyond Politics in Italy Venice vs. Florence Machiavelli Humanism & Civil Humanism Challenging authority The Medieval Catholic Church Gothic Cathedrals Scholasticism Religious Reform Martin Luther’s Pivotal Role The Northern European Humanists Erasmus Thomas More Calvin Religious Wars The Counter-Reformation Impact of the Reformation
Renaissance Reformation Europe
Four Major Secular Infuences in the Transition of Europe from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance: 1. Empire Building 2. Technology 3. Trade & Capitalism 4. POLITICS & POLITICAL ORGANIZATION 8/23/10 Additional source: s/Renaissance%20Europe.jpg , 2/21/12
EMPIRE BUILDING: we discussed this in connection with Cultures in Conflict and will return to this subject when we get to Topic IV on Commerce, Banking, International Trade & Slavery IN BRIEF: Western Europe began to explore and lay claim to land throughout the world, going east, west and south, beginning in the late 15 th c. Recall the European understanding of the world in 15 th vs. 16 th c. TECHNOLOGY: advances in the armament industry, tools, ships and maps changed the capabilities, both constructive and destructive, of major European powers 8/23/10 5
TRADE & CAPITALISM Rise of European trade and towns in 12th-13th c. MEDIEVAL GUILD SYSTEM fostered limited growth Italian merchants took the lead in 11th c. and, by the 13th c., they dominating Mediterranean trade German cities formed the Hansa , a commercial league in northern Europe, from England to Russia Development of partnerships in addition/ instead of guilds system + “putting out or “domestic” system Rise of banking Sources: _001.jpg , , 8/31/10
Guilds Primarily banking and wool guilds in the 13th century Wool: one of the most important manufactured products in Europe Arti maggiori included the major wool guilds Sottoposti, subordinate trades Bankers, judges, notaries, physicians, apothecaries, silk merchants and furriers were also arti maggiori Minor guilds The “Palazzo dell`Arte della Lana, guildhall of the Florentine Wool Guild (now home to the Italian Dante Society) Source: , 2/8/12
Politics in Italy Communal revolution that appeared no where else Creation of a new social stratum, the citizen elite, in 11th-13th century northern Italy Alliances of magnates developed in the 11th and early 12th century, communes Republican governance

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