Sociology.docx - Sociology social science that studies...

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Sociology: social science that studies human society and behavior sociological imagination: ability to see connection between larger world and personal life idea of sociologist C. Wright Mills Social Interaction: how people relate to one another and influence each others behavior Social Psychology: the study of how the social environment affects an individuals behavior and personality Phenonemon: obserable facts or events that involve human society Karl Marx: Conflict Theory Society is divided into 2 categories... Bourgeousie & Proletariat Conflict Theory: society's economic system influences its social structure Herbert Spencer: Social Darwinism used theory of evolution to describe the nature of society survival of the fittest Social Darwinism: view of society; similar to Charles Darwins; Emile Durkheim: concerned with social order; saw society as set of interdependent parts that maintain the system throughout time throught a function studied suicide function: the consequence that an element of society produces for the maintenance of its social system Max Weber: interested in separate groups within society thought that sociologists shoudl go beyond studying what can be directly observed and attempt to uncover feelings and thoughts of the individual Verstehen & ideal type Theoretical Perspective: provide a foundation for their inquiries general set of assumptions about the nature of things 1) conflict perspective, 2) functionalist perspective, 3) interactionist perspective functionalist perspective: based on ideas of Comte, Spencer, and Durkheim view society as a set of interrelated parts that work together to produce a stable social system and is held together through the consensus dysfunctional: negative consequence an element has for the stability of the social system i.e crime disrupts society rather than stabilize it manifest function: function of an automobile: is to provide speedy transport from one place to another latent function: unintended and unrecognized consequence of an element i.e faster you go more money on gas conflict perspective: focus on the force in society that promotes change and competition interactionist perspective: focus on how individuals interact with one another in society symbolic interaction: study topics such as child development and relationships within a group how people use symbols when interacting with others culture: all shared produts of human groups physical objects, beliefs, values, and behaviors society: group of independent people who have organized in a wya to share a common culture and feeling of unity
values: shared beliefs about what is good or bad, right or wrong, desirable or undesirable norms: shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act folkways: norms that describe socially acceptable behavior but dont have great moral signifigance attatched

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