u4a1_Amy_McKendrick_Theoretical_Framework _2.docx - Running head THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK Theoretical Framework and Application of Feminist Theory Amy

u4a1_Amy_McKendrick_Theoretical_Framework _2.docx - Running...

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Running head: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 1Theoretical Framework and Application of Feminist TheoryAmy McKendrickCapella University
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THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK Overview of Feminist TheoryFeminist theory was created in the shadows of the feminist movement. The term feminism, as described by Daganovic (2011), is viewed as both a negative and positive[Dra11]. The theory behind feminism is the equality of all people based on gender. With the beginnings of this theory arising from a movement of the 1960s, there is no one individual that can be given credit for its inception. Although feminism can be traced back to the 1800s, it was the collectivemovement of groups expressing their desires to be treated equally and fairly across all societal realms that propelled the existence of this theory to emerge within the mental health industry[Dra11]. Feminist therapy’s start as a group therapy of intrapsychic perspective to one that focuses on the social, political and cultural environments of the individual as the driving force behind the client’s issues and that working to except the oppression through these factions as the focus of the therapy process. Feminist theory, though has a rich history in the rights of women, today takes on a more non-gender role and its core belief is for gender equality for all humans and freedom from oppression through understanding of the impact of society and cultureboth psychologically and socially. The field of Psychology was rooted in a male dominated practice of theory based on gender where theory, research and practices were constructed around men as the norm. These traditional theories in psychology lead to intrapsychic orientation, where the behavior of women not conforming to their roles as set by society became an internal factor. This practice lead to thelabeling of women as mentally ill and many times institutionalizing them. By the 1970s many ofthe gender-fair, more multicultural and racially excepted approaches began emerging through thedistinct phases developed by Dr. Sommers-Flanagan[Cor13][Dra11]. Though these phrases 2
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THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK therapy was to employ theories that empowered women, removed sexist elements and theinclusion of societal struggles and their effect on women and their lives. Feminist Theory is entrenched in the beliefs that individual problems stem from a political or societal norm or circumstance that is impacting the client, that the client knows what is best for them, empowers them to use their emotions to act both socially and politically to create change and through an egalitarian relationship acquire the skill to bring about the changes needed for transformation of thoughts and belief of gender-role in society. Personal Theory AlignmentThe philosophies behind feminist theory are a big part of my own beliefs and values that encompass my life. As a former woman in the United States Marine Corps, the oppression and gender-roles placed both verbally and non-verbally are something I have lived first hand. Girls
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