CHAPTER 2.docx - CHAPTER 2 COLONISTS ON THE MARGINS England...

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CHAPTER 2 – COLONISTS ON THE MARGINS England, France, and Netherlands all were interested in colonizing North America in the mid 1500’s. England’s economy was suffering as their population had increased by 67% from 1500 – 1650 and there simply were not enough jobs for everyone. The wealthy were okay, but the general population was suffering. France and Netherlands could financially fund exploration, but both countries faced religious and political unrest. This left the door open for England as there was no political unrest and they needed to find a way to boost their economy to manage their sizeable growth. England engaged private armed ships to target Spanish trade ships between 1585-1603. The goods seized were sold in England and improved the economy. England then focused on colonialization of America and establishment of a trading base as a way to manage their economic woes, of course without regard for the impact on America, England’s attempts to establish a colony were barbaric. For example, they asked the Roanoke Indians for food, but afraid that they would be attacked - attacked first and killed the chief and then displayed his head. Great job!!!! The Africans and Indians that they had picked up in the Caribbean on their way to Roanoke were abandoned to accommodate existing colonists on board ship. England then returned focus to Ireland, where many English had previously migrated. Native Americans in Canada and the Northeast regularly ran across Europeans while fishing. It was a thriving industry with a significant number of ships travelling between Canada and Europe. Europeans traded cloth, tools and kettles to Native Americans for furs. The French wanted beaver pelts. Initially

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