CHAPTER 13 ppts.pptx - LAW ENFORCEMENT UNDER THE UNITED...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
LAW ENFORCEMENT UNDER THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION CHAPTER 13
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Learning Objectives Discuss the historical foundations of the US Constitution Understand the amendments that directly affect law enforcement Understand that the Constitution represents a foundational basis of societal laws Explain why law enforcement personnel must have a strong knowledge of the entirety of the US Constitution Explain how the Constitution protects both citizens and law enforcement personnel Understand the liberties, freedoms, and securities that are guaranteed by the Constitution Understand the balancing of liberty versus security that affects law enforcement
Image of page 2
Introduction* The foundations of the American republic were significantly different from those of the monarchial form of government from which the US originated and other foreign governments of the time. The US Constitution is an instrument through which the liberties, securities, rights, and freedoms of both society and individuals are protected. For example: Those accused of crimes are presumed innocence until proven guilty. Searches and seizures are prohibited unless a warrant is issued based on probable cause (unless there is an exception created by Supreme Court case law).
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Introduction The US Constitution is often referred to as the supreme law of the land . The activities of law enforcement organizations and personnel must not conflict with the US Constitution (and the Bill of Rights).
Image of page 4
Introduction All laws, state and federal, must be commensurate with tenets and principles of the Constitution. Law enforcement officers must perform their duties within the scope and limitations of the Constitution and the laws of their respective localities.
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Constitution as the Supreme Law of the United States* The Articles of Confederation was the first attempt to form a central government after the 13 American colonies separated from England. Each colony viewed itself as a sovereign power and not as a united country. The national government had very little power. It could raise an army and navy. It could enter into treaties and alliances. It could act as the group’s representative with foreign powers.
Image of page 6
The Constitution as the Supreme Law of the United States In fact, having just won independence from the tyrannical rein of King George III, few were willing to turn significant power over to another centralized government. However, a stronger central government was needed to carry out crucial functions for the common good of the states.
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Constitution as the Supreme Law of the United States In 1787, four years after the end of the Rev. War, the Continental Congress called for a convention to revise the Articles of Confederation.
Image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern