Deep Ecology - Deep Ecology Wednesday 12:00 PM Central...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Central positions and an argument: 1. All living beings have intrinsic worth. (Intrinsic value is grounded in life as opposed to only human beings.) 2. Human civilization is destroying more value than it is realizing. 3. Therefore, there ought to be a radical change. Furthermore (a second, weaker argument, to be elaborated below:) 4. All life is interconnected. 5. Therefore, just out of self interest, species, etc., ought to be protected. (Note the shift from the moral to the prudential “ought.”) (a) self conscious depopulation (b) massive restoration of wilderness (c) “change of consciousness” (Rosemary Radford Ruether), sacralization of life processes (elimination of waste, reduction of consumption, etc.) or respect for animals (kill with respect?) in the manner of the American Indians (Callicut and Overholt) POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS: Objection: What is the criterion for having intrinsic worth? Bacteria, mosquitoes, flies, etc. (Degree of organic unity) Answer: Being alive. Objection: A mosquito is alive, but surely a mosquito is not as valuable as a human being, or a cat or an elephant, for that matter! Answer (given by some): “Degree of organic unity” is a secondary criterion that establishes a hierarchy among life forms for us without undercutting our sense of the intrinsic value of every life form. Another objection: Many life forms harm other life forms in order to live. Answer: (1) Hitler’s armies count as evil for a related reason even though they were composed of human beings who were both intrinsically valuable and at the high end of the organic unity scale. (2) Harm to survive is okay so long as a rich diversity and harmony are maintained, so long, for example, as one species does not expand its
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 2

Deep Ecology - Deep Ecology Wednesday 12:00 PM Central...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online