{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Rational Theology

Rational Theology - Rational Theology and Arabic Philosophy...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Theist based on reasoning of the existence of God Zera Yacob In opposition to "Revealed Theology" Aristotelian Rational Theology: Everything that makes up "X" * efficient Result of "X" * final The cause of "X" * formal What "X" is made of * material Four types of cause according to Aristotle: 1. Every effect has an efficient cause (similarly, a final cause, etc.). 2. (Assume:) every cause is itself an effect and has itself a cause. 3. Therefore, causes stretch back to infinity. 4. But this is not possible ("causes cannot go on ad infinitum" ‐‐ A.) 5. Therefore, a first cause does not itself have a cause. 6. The first cause, the Unmoved Mover, is God. Aristotle's argument: a. Avicenna argues this singularity is arbitrary 1. One rule "singularity" cause a. Not feasible 2. Cause goes back infinitely a. Avicenna argues God is necessary by elimination of other 2/3 systems (because 4 = 1 + 2, if 1/2 false so is 4) 3. "Singularity" cause is God (Preferred in rational theology) a. Mixture of infinite and singular causation
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online