Indian Independence -Part 1 (1).pptx

Indian Independence -Part 1 (1).pptx

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Indian Independence Part 2 Methods used and reasons for success
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1.5 What methods did the Indian nationalist movement use to achieve independence?
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Gandhi and satyagraha Satyagraha = soul force Indian form of non-violent resistance championed by Gandhi Belief that ordinary people can bring about political change by using peaceful means to fight for justice Gandhi appealed to traditional Indian values Dressed and lived as a peasant to better connect to the masses Established an ashram (community) committed to non-violence and self-sufficiency Focused on helping specific groups: Tenant farmers exploited by landlords Industrial workers exploited by factory owners Poor farmers unable to pay taxes after a bad harvest Included a campaign of: non-cooperation with the British administration Boycott of Brtish schools, universities, and law courts Hartal (Boycott) of British goods
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Gandhi and satyagraha Non-violence was ideal as armed resistance was not practical against the might of the British military Appealed to the Indian elite who feared that rebellion would lead to instability and radical groups could threaten their position in society Britain’s greatest weakness was their economic reliance on India
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