Indian Independence -Part 2.pptx

Indian Independence -Part 2.pptx

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Increasing political tension Separate Muslim state (Pakistan) Muslim league started to ask for a separate state as part of the process of decolonization Lucknow Pact (made during WWI) called for the INC and Muslim League to cooperate for independence Failure of the first round table talks of 1930 results in the call for the creation of Pakistan Pakistan means land of the pure in Urdu and was made up of the initials for the Muslim majority states of Punjab, Afghan frontier, Kashmir and Sind 1935 Government of India Act rejected by INC and ML as too little too late Both sides still participate in election of 1937 INC wins 70% and ML wins very little, causing increased tensions
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Growing divisions Jinnah hoped that the ML could be a part of the coalition governments in areas with large Muslim population (even if they lost heavily in elections) INC won heavily in the elections and was not willing to compromise fully Some INC Muslims were given positions of authority Some INC members promoted Hindu symbols and promoted the Hindi language This was never INC official policy but still angered the ML Jinnah uses the slogan ‘Islam is in danger’ Some Muslims start to see the risk of a single state for Muslim minorities
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