Unformatted text preview: BU 540-7
Leadership Foundations JUNE 26, 2018 Read me first
Read Me First:
Please review the syllabus before beginning the course. They have been designed to answer as
many questions as possible, clarifying the many details of the course.
As a distance learner, you are in, some ways, more independent that your classroom
counterparts. You are not bound in time and space for most aspects of learning. With this
freedom also comes responsibility, especially regarding time management. This is not totally “at
your own pace” because there are specific deadlines for activities and assessments.
It can be tempting to procrastinate in completing the reading and assignment, but avoid that
pitfall. You will be busy-possibly stretched- in keeping up with the pace, and the situation will
compound rapidly. If you do manage your time well, you will find yourself easily keeping up and
enjoying the insights and knowledge you gain. To assist with time management, there is a
suggested pacing guide within the course. In addition, you will find that your case has an
estimated time to complete for each activity from reading to assessments.
Herzing University - P.R.I.C.E. of Success Model
The discussion board functions as the main dialogue opportunity on online course. For all
purposes, the discussion board is your classroom. You cannot be highly successful in your
courses without allocating a considerable amount of time to your Discussion board
participation. It is recommended that you check your discussion board daily for new posts, so
that you can respond in a timely manner. Weekly and bi-weekly post assignments, require that you post responses to the
discussion board and respond to your peers with a time sensitive requirement. High
quality, thoughtful, substantial, and scholarly responses to the discussion prompts
are expected. For there to be a powerful and engaging class discussion that adds to
the learning of all class members, everyone must respond to peers and include within
the scholarly response open-ended discussion questions. Open-ended discussion
questions engage peers in thoughtful-content driven discussions.
Follow these instructions for posting your original post on black board: Always construct your response in a word processing program like Word. Check for
grammar, spelling, and mechanical errors. Make the corrections and save the file to your
computerExample: Unit2_Writing a Prompt_Jane Doe Naming convention for documents:
Unit #_Title_Your Name o Find the Discussion Board in the Course Menu. Go to the appropriate writing
prompt under the forum column. This will typically be the name of the discussion board
assignment. o Click the link entitle “Click here to post your reply.” This is called the
“starter post” Click Reply. Enter your full name in the “subject” line above the message box. Make sure that the visual editor is turned on. If it is set to “off,” simply
click on it to turn it back on. If you need to attach a file, click on the Browse my Computer button in
the Attachments section below the message box. If you need to attach more than one file, use the Attach File icon in the
Visual Editor bar above the message window. It is in the third row of icons and looks
like a piece of paper with a paper clip in the corner. (See the red arrow below.) If you would like an image to be included in your message, rather than
attached, use the Attach Image icon next to Attach File. It looks like an old-fashioned
photograph. (See green arrow below.) If you would like to preview your message, before it is posted (to
proofread and check mechanics and spacing etc…), The Preview button is in the
second row of icons in the Visual Editor bar. It looks like two windows stacked on top
of one another. (See the blue arrow below.) Please note: Don’t forget to change the Subject line to your full name. You should do this
whenever posting a new reply on the discussion board.
Posting a peer response to a discussion post: Always construct your response in a word processing program like Word. Check for
grammar, spelling, and mechanical errors. Make the corrections and save the file to your
computer Find the post that you are going to reply to. The subject line will be the name of the peer
you are responding to. Click on the reply button on the lower portion of the page (next to the quote button) Your peer’s name should remain the subject of the post-don’t change it. Click preview using the appropriate button in the visual editor bar and when satisfied,
click Post. Attachments work the same way as they do with a post. Review the instructions above if
you need help.
Assignment Dropbox instructions: Please review the course syllabus for detailed instructor expectations.
Assignments should be constructed in Word unless otherwise explained in the
assignment instructions. Proofread your work for organization, spelling, grammar, flow, style
and mechanics. Double check the rubric to ensure that you have included all of the required criteria. Follow proper naming conventions when saving your file. Example: Unit2_Writing a
Prompt_Jane Doe Naming convention for documents:
Unit #_Title_Your Name o Open your Blackboard course and click on the Assignments link in the Course
Menu. All of the assignments for the course are listed on this page. To submit a file, find the
name of the assignment you need to submit and click on the link.
You will be brought to a page with the assignment’s name, directions, and due
date. There is a message box on the page, but unless you are instructed to do so, DO NOT copy
and paste your assignment as did with the discussion board posts. Instead, attach your properly
Find the Attach File beneath the message box. Click on Browse My Computer and
select the appropriate file from your computer. Click Open.
If you want to include a note for your instructor, use the Comments box below
the Attach File section.
When satisfied click Submit. Check your upload and click OK. o Week 1 Course Introducti on
Welcome to the first of three courses in the universities business foundation series.
These courses are designed to assist you in being successful in your MBA program.
Specifically, this course allows you to review important functional areas related to the
overall operations of a business concern in the US. We will evaluate important
concepts and organizational roles so you may have a more complete understanding
of how they work and how they function together. In this course, we evaluate the
important concepts of business ethics, leadership, global competition, strategic
management and the legal environment of business. We will evaluate the critical
functional areas of both human resource management and information systems
Welcome to the MBA Program
THE FIRST STEP: Take the “inbound” business and leadership assessment exam. It has
been designed to measure what you already know about business and leadership
concepts. IT IS IMPORTANT that you do as well as you can so that we have a good
snapshot of the level of business and leadership knowledge and skills that you have
before you take any of our Master of Business Administration courses. Note: this
exam runs in both BU 540 and BU 560 depending on when you start. You only need
to take the entrance exam once.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Because you have not completed any MBA courses, THIS EXAM
CANNOT HURT YOUR COURSE GRADE. If there are a lot of questions you have
difficulty with, are not certain about, or even seem to know little about, please do
not get frustrated. It is only to get a baseline measure without having any impact on
your grade in this course. This comprehensive “outbound” assessment is given again
in your MBA capstone course - BU 695 or BU 697 or BU 699.
Again, I want to welcome you and I look forward to you completing your MBA
program. I hope that you find it an enjoyable experience. I want to be at your graduation to award you the MBA hood and welcome you into the community of
graduate business professionals.
Access the Inbound Business and Leadership Assessment through the "Quizzes and
Test" in the right hand navigation menu. Unit 1: Introducti on to Business Ethics
Estimated time to complete: 15 Hours
This unit examines the definition role and impact of ethics in a business environment.
The challenges related to business ethics have evolved over time, with changing
social values and ethical scandals creating the need or more exact definitions and
concrete policies. Maintaining a suitable level of ethical judgement is important for
businesses not only for reasons of integrity, but also for public perception. Today,
many businesses are evaluated not only on their products and services, but on their
overall level of corporate ethics and social responsibility. We will examine guidelines
for ethical Behavior, methods to instill and maintain these guidelines, and the role of
social responsibility from a corporate standpoint.
This unit supports the following course objectives: Analyze the core principles of business ethics
Watch: The Signifigance of Ethics and Ethicss Education in Daily Life Watch the following video to explore the signifagance of ethics and ethics education
in daily life. Topic 1: Business Ethics
Estimated time to complete: 1 Hour 30 Minutes
Read: Business Ethics
Business Ethics, 15 pages in Lumen - Boundless Business Business Ethics A Brief Definition of Business Ethics
Business ethics is the written and unwritten principles and values that govern decisions
and actions within companies. LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Recall the three disciplines of business ethics KEY TAKEAWAYS
Key Points Ethics, broadly, is concerned with the meaning of all aspects of human behavior.
Theoretical/ normative ethics aims to differentiate right from wrong. An organization’s culture sets standards for determining the difference between
good and bad decision making. Ethics in business is about knowing the difference
between right and wrong and choosing to do what is right. There are three intricately related parts to the discipline of business ethics:
personal, professional, and corporate. Key Terms ethical behavior: Business ethics (also corporate ethics) is a form of applied
ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical
problems that arise in a business environment. It applies to all aspects of business
conduct and is relevant to the conduct of individuals and entire organizations.
normative ethics: A branch of ethics concerned with classifying actions as right
and wrong, attempting to develop a set of rules governing human conduct, or a set
of norms for action.
ethics: The study of principles relating to right and wrong conduct. Ethics: A Brief Definition
Ethics is the branch of philosophy concerned with the meaning of all aspects of human
behavior. Theoretical ethics, sometimes called normative ethics, is about delineating
right from wrong. It is supremely intellectual and, as a branch of philosophy, rational in
nature. It is the reflection on and definition of what is right, what is wrong, what is just,
what is unjust, what is good, and what is bad in terms of human behavior. It helps us
develop the rules and principles (norms) by which we judge and guide meaningful
Business Ethics Business ethics, also called corporate ethics, is a form of applied ethics or professional
ethics that examines the ethical and moral principles and problems that arise in a
business environment. It can also be defined as the written and unwritten codes of
principles and values, determined by an organization’s culture, that govern decisions
and actions within that organization. It applies to all aspects of business conduct on
behalf of both individuals and the entire company. In the most basic terms, a definition
for business ethics boils down to knowing the difference between right and wrong and
choosing to do what is right.
There are three parts to the discipline of business ethics: personal (on a micro scale),
professional (on an intermediate scale), and corporate (on a macro scale). All three are
intricately related. It is helpful to distinguish among them because each rests on a
slightly different set of assumptions and requires a slightly different focus in order to be
understood. Ethical Issues Within a Business
Ethics are of critical importance to organizations, as they can potentially have enormous
impacts on their communities. LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Outline the various ethical philosophies over time, and integrate them into a meaningful
understanding of ethical behavior KEY TAKEAWAYS
Key Points Organizational leaders must be aware of the consequences of certain decisions
and organizational trajectories, and ensure alignment with societal interests and
ethical behavior. Utilitarianism is the ethical philosophy that pursues the greatest outcome for the
largest number of people. This is a consequence-oriented point of view. Deontological ethics focus on the position that the morality of an action is based
on its adherence to rules or obligations set by society or held intrinsically (as
opposed to the consequences of that act). Virtuousness is the pursuit of a given behavior for the simple sake of that
behavior (i.e. the means, not the ends), and the desire for perfect execution of that
behavior. Finally, communitarian ethics focus on the expectations and needs of a preferred
community. This means identifying the duties assigned by the group, and carrying
out tasks for their benefit. Key Terms deontological: Relating to the the normative ethical position that judges the
morality of an action based on the action’s adherence to rules or obligations rather
than either the inherent goodness or the consequences of those actions.
communitarian: Pertaining to the idea that a given group is of central
utilitarian: Relating to the ethical point of view that the greatest good for the
greatest number of people is ideal. Ethics are a central concern for businesses, organizations, and individuals alike.
Behaving in a way that adds value without inappropriate conduct or negative
consequences for any other group or individual, organizational leaders in particular
must be completely aware of the consequences of certain decisions and organizational
trajectories, and ensure alignment with societal interests.
There are many examples of ethical mistakes in which organizational decision makers
pursued interests that benefited them at the cost of society. The 2008 economic
collapse saw a great deal of poor decision-making on behalf of the banks. The Enron
scandal is another example of individuals choosing personal rewards at the cost of
society at large. These types of situations are extremes, but they highlight just how
serious the consequences can be when ethics are ignored.
How to Frame Issues Ethically
One complexity of building a strong ethical foundation into an organization is the simple
fact that there are many schools of thought. Ethics are in some ways a branch of
philosophy, in which the idealized perspective is both malleable and uncertain.
However, some powerful examples of ethical frames are available to us from many
different time periods. There are four schools of thought that are useful for framing
future strategic decisions to ensure ethical behavior. These perspectives are utilitarian,
deontological, virtuous, and communitarian approaches.
Perhaps the cleanest and simplest perspective on ethical behavior, a utilitarian will
always ask one question: what is the ideal outcome for the highest number of people?
This approach simply considers the impact of ones actions on others, and tries to
ensure that the best outcome for the most people is what ultimately occurs.
While this outcome-based reasoning is quite useful, it has one fatal flaw. The definition
of ‘best’ when discussing what’s best for the most people can become quite subjective.
As a result, when utilizing this ethical reasoning to make decisions, it is important to set
terms and create definitions that enable the reasoning to have applicable and measurable logic. Simply put, one must ensure they define their terms, and what they
mean by good, when pursuing this ethical line of reasoning.
Popularized by Emmanual Kant, the central term in this point of view is duty. Kant
disliked the concept of utilitarianism for one simple reason: the ends should not justify
the means. Indeed, Kant’s ethical argument is that moral maxims of respect for one
another and appropriate behavior serve as a groundwork for all ethical reasoning. It is
these core concepts which can never be sacrificed for the greater good.
Popularized by Greek philosophers such as Aristotle, this point of view assumes that
virtue is a central benchmark for all ethical behavior. What is meant by virtue in this
context is a desire to perform a certain act as a result of deep contemplation on the
value of that act. To make this act virtuous is to perform it with excellence. As a result,
we have a deep contemplation of the value of a certain behavior or decisions, which we
apply great practice and consideration. Following this, we can approach the perfect
execution of that act or behavior through our rational minds.
In this school of ethical thought, it is similarly important to discard the justification of a
means by the ends of that means. Which is to say this an act should be performed
because it is desirable in and of itself, and not for the sake of something else. Each
behavior is therefore considered carefully, rationally and virtuously to ensure it is valid,
beneficial, and valuable.
Finally we have communitarian ethics. In this perspective, the individual decision-maker
should ask about the duties owed to the communities in which they participate. This is a
relatively simple frame of reference, where the individual decision maker will recognize
the expectations and consequences of a given decision relative to the needs, demands
and impacts of a certain preferred community.
Ethical behavior requires careful consideration of all frames, and a thorough
understanding of the impacts of a given decision.
Integrating Ethics: This video provides some overview of ethical perspectives. Ethical Issues at an Individual Level
A critical function of organizational management is empowering a positive sense of
values and ethos at the individual level. LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Understand the interaction between individual ethics and organizational management KEY TAKEAWAYS
Key Points An important aspect of organizational strategy and management is empowering a
strong sense of ethics at the individual level. Organizations should internally develop a code of conduct and/or ethics
statement, provide ethics training, appoint ethics officers, and ensure there is an
anonymous way to report ethical problems. Providing intrinsic and extrinsic sources of motivation for individual employees to
behave ethically reinforces positive ethical behavior. Hiring and developing employees who have a strong sense of individual
professionalism will ensure best practices are achieved from an ethical point of
view. Key Terms extrinsic: Outside of; not belong to the thing itself.
Intrinsic: An aspect possessed by character; internal. The Importance of Ethics
Ethical behavior, be it at the organizational, professional or individual level, is a direct
representation of the principles and values that govern the individual and the
organization they represent. Organizations create an internal culture, which is reflected
externally as organizational values. These values impact the relationships within the
organization, productivity, reputation, employee morale and retention, legalities, and the
broader community in which they operate.
As a result, most organizations generate a statement of organizational values and
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