10WLecture1110.pdf

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10W Lecture 11/10 Jerusalem in Early Christianity - Trends in Christianity in 2nd Century (CE/AD) - Church becomes more non-Jewish -”Church fathers”: Prominent Christian leaders express disdain for physical city, arguing that it symbolizes the “old” covenant (=Judaism) and Christianity is the “new” covenant - Hence, Christians have no need for Jerusalem, spiritualize temple - Church is “interim community temple” standing between current age and the future age when God will lower a new Jerusalem to earth. - Community of Christians is where the presence of God is found, where Christians are gathered. - Decentralization of religion away from temple - Theme: These events will contribute to canonization of New Testament - Understand how Christians read the text of Jesus to their OWN building projects - Nice way to set up a foil - “This is what the community is not” - Covenant was physical. New Covenant seen as something more spiritual, more metaphysical, more heavenly - Emergence of church = move beyond concern for what is happening in Jerusalem ** Not all Christians agree on this B. Jesus of Nazareth in Jerusalem - The Last Week - The Gospels end with a focus on the last week of Jesus’ life - The Gospel of Luke 19-24 - The Triumphal Entry (19:28-40) - Weeping over Jerusalem (19:41-44) - Cleansing the Temple (19:43-48) - Prediction of the destruction of the temple (21) - Passover (22) - Gethsemane and Arrest (23) - Crucifixion (24) - Burial (24) - Resurrection (24) Luke - Zooming in on last week of Jesus - What does it mean for a Christian to inhabit Jerusalem?
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