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Running head: APPROACHES AND ASSESSMENTSLee 1Personality Approach Descriptions and AssessmentsChyna Lee
APPROACHES AND ASSESSMENTSLee 2Personality Approach Descriptions and AssessmentsIn the book, “Personality” by Jerry M. Burger, he discusses the six personality approaches which are psychoanalytic, traits, biological, cognitive, behavioral/social, and humanistic. In describing the 4 out of 6 approaches mentioned, I plan to use the different assessments I completed for this course to gain a better understanding of different types of personalities and know more about my own. The 3 assessments I will be explaining is the Rorschach Inkblot Test, the Big Five Inventory -2, and the Personal Goals Questionnaire/Open Ended Goals.The first approach to be discussed is the psychoanalytic theory. It is also known as the first comprehensive theory of human behavior and personality that was developed by Sigmund Freud about 100 years ago. According to his theory, personality can be divided into conscious, preconscious, and unconscious parts (Burger, The Psychoanalytic Approach pp. 65). In his theoryof how our adult personality is developed and the psychosexual stages of development, he maintained that young children pass through stages of development characterized by the primary erogenous zone for each stage. Children pass through oral, anal, and phallic stages on their way to healthy sexual expression in the genital stage (Burger, The Psychoanalytic Approach, pp 66).Psychoanalysts have created many ways for getting unconscious material from patients. Freud interpreted the symbols in his patients’ dreams to understand their impulses. A 2010 study (Acklin, Brabender, & Peterson) says that most psychoanalysts study Freud and subsequent psychoanalytic theory and practice in the artificial climate of conformity in psychoanalytic institutes. Freud’s concept of the “unconscious mind” reminds me of the unconscious impulses I sometimes tend to make. One example is grabbing junk food or chips out of the kitchen cabinet
APPROACHES AND ASSESSMENTSLee 3even though I recently started a strict diet. I know I am not supposed to, but because I am so usedto just grabbing what I want to eat, I do it without knowing. I am easily casting aside the countervailing urge toward restraint.I realize that things like what we buy, where to go on vacation, and other thoughts that we are not aware of play a big role in the actions we partake in. Occasionally, my mom would ask me where I would like to visit during my spring break. Recently, I told her I had been wanting to go to Hawaii. She nodded and agreed that we have not been there in a while. I also suggested going to Florida or doing a weekend trip to Santa Barbara or San Diego. I realize it was my unconscious impulse to suggest places where a beach or two was nearby and easily assessible since going to the beach is one of my favorite hobbies.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Dr. Bowman
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