05_N113_38443.doc - RAGIV GANDHI UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCES KARNATAKA BANGALORE PERFORMA FOR REGISTRATION OF SUBJECTSFOR DISSERTATION 1 NAME OF THE

05_N113_38443.doc - RAGIV GANDHI UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH...

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RAGIV GANDHI UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCESKARNATAKA, BANGALOREPERFORMA FOR REGISTRATION OF SUBJECTSFORDISSERTATION1NAME OF THE CANDIDATE AND ADDRESSMR. ASHISH AGRAWAL1STYEAR M.Sc. NURSING STUDENT GOVT COLLEGE OF NURSING KOTA2NAME OF THE INSTITUTIONGOVT COLLEGE OF NURSING KOTA3COURSE OF STUDY ANDSUBJECTM.Sc. NURSING 1ST YEAR,CHILD HEALTH NURSING.4DATE OF ADMISSION TO COURSE5TITLE OF THE TOPIC ASSESS THE KNOWLEDGE ON PNEUMONIA ANDITS PREVENTION AMONG MOTHERS OF UNDERFIVE CHILDREN. 6STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMA STUDY TO ASSESS THE KNOWLEDGEREGARDING PNEUMONIA AND ITS PREVENTIONAMONG MOTHERS OF UNDER FIVE CHILDRENIN SELECTED RURAL AREA AT HASSAN WITH AVIEW TO DEVELOP INFORMATION GUIDE SHEET.6. BRIEF RESUME OF THE INTENDED STUDY :1
“Health is the condition of wisdom, and the sign is cheerfulness -- an open and noble temper”.-Ralph Waldo Emerson6.0 INTRODUCTIONChildren are one third of our population and all of our futures but unfortunately the gift ofhealth which makes the child to be part of future is affected by so many disease conditionsamongthat one such dreadful disease is Pneumonia.Pneumonia, inflammation of the pulmonary parenchyma , is common in childhood but occursmore frequently in infancy and early childhood. Clinically, pneumonia may occur either as aprimary disease or as a complication of another illness. The various types of pneumoniainclude:Lobar pneumonia -: all or a large segment of one or more pulmonary lobes isinvolved.Bronchopneumonia-: this begins in the terminal bronchioles, which become cloggedwith mucopurulent exudates to form consolidated patches in nearby lobules; also calledlobular pneumonia.Interstitial pneumonia -: the inflammatory process is more or lessconfined within the alveolar walls (interstitium) and the peri bronchial and interlobulartissues..1In India, the main culprit is malnourishment — here, 47%of the pediatric population suffers from low immune systems. “Incidence of pneumonia indeveloping countries like India range between (20-30)%.Lack of good nutrition, polluted airand poor hygiene are the main causes of pneumonia.3India looks indeed like a leading thirdworld Country; malnourished children breathe polluted air and suffer from lack of nutritionand hygiene. It leads the world with 27% of the global pneumonia cases. Worse, everyminute, a child dies of in India, followed by Afghanistan, China, Pakistan andBangladesh. Annually, two millionchildren under five dies from pneumonia and contributes2
to almost 20% of childhood mortality cases . It has been estimated that 26 per cent ofneonatal deaths, or 10 per cent of all under-five deaths, are caused by severe infections duringthe neonatal period. And a significant proportion of these infections is caused bypneumonia/sepsis.2Pneumonia has been identified as the major “forgottenkiller of children” by the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and WHO4. The WorldHealth Organization defines pneumonia as an acute disease episode with cough combined

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