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Exam 1.docx - Mesa Verde National Park is located in...

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Mesa Verde National Park is located in Southwestern Colorado. It means “Green Table” in Spanish. This park has several incredible features and was established in 1906. It was also designated World Heritage site in 1978. [Bri17] It encompasses 81 square miles and is 8500 feet above sea level. The unique 7 degree slope to the south lends itself to some magnificent and solid alcoves. It is mostly made up of sandstone and over the years water has eroded this sandstone and formed these deep alcoves and mesas. These alcoves are what the park is best known for and its not just because of the alcoves, but what the pueblo people did with these alcoves. The pueblo people lived here from A.D. 600 to A.D. 1300 and not only made it their home but created villages under the cliffs and deep into the niches. Some of these structures were simple and small, others mimic apartment complexes and even villages. We will talk more about these structures later in this paper.The park climate is semiarid and is home to mostly Elk, although there are a few bears, lions, smaller mammals, and plenty of lizards, snakes, and birds. The plants have acclimated to the semiarid climate over the years. On the mesas, you can find pinon-juniper forest and on the canyon floor you will find mostly sagebrush. The park is made up of several rock units. The thickest being the Mancos shale. This layer is over 2,000 feet thick, was formed over 86 million years ago and includes fossils such oysters, clams, shark teeth, and ammonites. This layer forms

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Term
Spring
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Geology, Ancient Pueblo Peoples, Mesa Verde National Park, Cliff House sandstone

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